Archive for the ‘Newsletters’ Category

How I Became Interested In Aviation

Thursday, June 2nd, 2022

As a young child in the 1960s my dad would take me to small airports to watch the planes.  He loved aviation and boating.  My dad always wanted a son that was a captain on a boat or plane. On weekends I remember hanging out at the Glenn L Martin Airport (now called Martin State Airport), Frederick Municipal Airport, Essex Skypark, the Bay Bridge Airport, and many others.  During one of our visits to the Bay Bridge Airport in the late 1960s, I got my first plane ride.  I remember my dad paid a penny a pound for me to get my plane ride.  I was 9 or 10 at the time.

Here I am with my dad at the Frederick Municipal Airport in the 1960s. I am on the right side of the picture. Click on the image for a larger view.

Here I am on the day of my first plane ride at the Bay Bridge Airport sometime in the 1960s. I am in the blue shirt. Click on the image for a larger view.

When I was about 13 years old a close friend of our family was dating a girl (Doreen) that was in the Civil Air Patrol.  Doreen was about 16 or 17 at the time.  My dad was so impressed with her, for weeks after meeting her, Doreen was all he talked about.  Dad tried very hard to get me interested in joining the Civil Air Patrol after meeting Doreen.  For some unknown reason I had no interest in the Civil Air Patrol.  My dad did send me to sailing school where I learned to sail.  I went on to join the Sea Scouts and sailed on a 42 foot Ketch. After trying for a long time, dad gave up on the notion that I would join the Civil Air Patrol and become a pilot.

Fast forward a few years, I was about 15 years old, dad tried very hard to get me interested in taking flying lessons.  By now, I was hanging out with guys a little older than me that had their own cars and I thought that was the coolest thing.  My answer to flying lessons was “Dad, I will be driving soon and getting my own car”. 

My dad died when I was 23 years old.  A few months after he died, I was out riding around feeling lonely.  I remember being near Martin State Airport.  I said to myself “Let’s stop in and see what that flying thing was all about”.   I took a lesson that day and loved it.  Nearly 40 years later, I am still flying and it has been my livelihood for the better part of that 40 years.  I am now a Designated Pilot Examiner and issuing pilot certificates to the folks my dad and I would watch in the 1960s. 

ICAO Flight Plan

Thursday, June 2nd, 2022

5−1−9. International Flight Plan (FAA Form
7233−4)− IFR Flights (For Domestic or
International Flights)
a. General
Use of FAA Form 7233−4 is:
1. Mandatory for assignment of RNAV SIDs
and STARs or other PBN routing,
2. Mandatory for all IFR flights that will depart
U.S. domestic airspace, and
3. Recommended for domestic IFR flights.
NOTE−
1. An abbreviated description of FAA Form 7233−4
(International Flight Plan) may be found in this section. A
detailed description of FAA Form 7233−4 may be found on
the FAA website at:
http://www.faa.gov/about/office_org/
headquarters_offices/ato/service_units/enroute/flight_pl
an_filing/
2. Filers utilizing FAA Form 7233−1 (Flight Plan) may not
be eligible for assignment of RNAV SIDs and STARs. Filers
desiring assignment of these procedures should file using
FAA Form 7233−4, as described in this section.

3. When filing an IFR flight plan using FAA Form 7233−4,
it is recommended that filers include all operable
navigation, communication, and surveillance equipment
capabilities by adding appropriate equipment qualifiers as
shown in Tables 5−1−3 and 5−1−4. These equipment
qualifiers should be filed in Item 10 of FAA Form 7233−4.
4. ATC issues clearances based on aircraft capabilities
filed in Items 10 and 18 of FAA Form 7233−4. Operators
should file all capabilities for which the aircraft and crew
is certified, capable, and authorized. PBN/ capability
should be filed as per paragraph 5-1-9 b 8 Items 18 (c) and
(d).
b. Explanation of Items Filed in FAA Form
7233−4
Procedures and other information provided in this
section are designed to assist operators using FAA
Form 7233−4 to file IFR flight plans for flights that
will be conducted entirely within U.S. domestic
airspace. Requirements and procedures for operating outside U.S. domestic airspace may vary significantly from country to country. It is, therefore,
recommended that operators planning flights outside U.S. domestic airspace become familiar with
applicable international documents, including
Aeronautical Information Publications (AIP); International Flight Information Manuals (IFIM); and
ICAO Document 4444, Procedures for Air Navigation Services/Air Traffic Management, Appendix 2.
NOTE−
FAA Form 7233−4 is shown in FIG 5−1−3. The filer is
normally responsible for providing the information
required in Items 3 through 19.
1. Item 7. Aircraft Identification. Insert the
full registration number of the aircraft, or the
approved FAA/ICAO company or organizational
designator, followed by the flight number.
EXAMPLE−
N235RA, AAL3342, BONGO33
NOTE−
Callsigns filed in this item must begin with a letter followed
by 1−6 additional alphanumeric characters.

2. Item 8. Flight Rules and Type of Flight.
(a) Flight Rules. Insert the character “I” to
indicate IFR
(b) Type of Flight. Insert one of the
following letters to denote the type of flight:
(1) S if scheduled air service
(2) N if non−scheduled air transport
operation
(3) G if general aviation
(4) M if military
(5) X if other than any of the defined
categories above.
NOTE−
Type of flight is optional for flights that will be conducted
entirely within U.S. domestic airspace.

3. Item 9. Number, Type of Aircraft, and
Wake Turbulence Category.
(a) Number. Insert the number of aircraft, if
more than 1 (maximum 99).
(b) Type of Aircraft.
(1) Insert the appropriate designator as
specified in ICAO Doc 8643, Aircraft Type
Designators;
(2) Or, if no such designator has been
assigned, or in the case of formation flights consisting
of more than one type;
(3) Insert ZZZZ, and specify in Item 18, the
(numbers and) type(s) of aircraft preceded by TYP/.

(c) Wake Turbulence Category. Insert an
oblique stroke followed by one of the following
letters to indicate the wake turbulence category of
the aircraft:
(1) H — HEAVY, to indicate an aircraft
type with a maximum certificated takeoff weight of
300,000 pounds (136 000 kg), or more;
(2) M — MEDIUM, to indicate an aircraft
type with a maximum certificated takeoff weight of
less than 300,000 pounds (136,000 kg), but more than
15,500 pounds (7,000 kg);
(3) L — LIGHT, to indicate an aircraft type
with a maximum certificated takeoff weight of
15,500 pounds (7,000 kg) or less.
4. Item 10. Equipment

5. Item 13. Departure Aerodrome/Time
(a) Insert the ICAO four−letter location
indicator of the departure aerodrome, or
NOTE−
ICAO location indicators must consist of 4 letters. Airport
identifiers such as 5IA7, 39LL and Z40 are not in ICAO
standard format.
(b) If no four−letter location indicator has
been assigned to the departure aerodrome, insert
ZZZZ and specify the non−ICAO location identifier,
or fix/radial/distance from a nearby navaid, followed
by the name of the aerodrome, in Item 18, following
characters DEP/,
(c) Then, without a space, insert the estimated
off−block time.
EXAMPLE−
1. KSMF2215
2. ZZZZ0330

6. Item 15. Cruise Speed, Level and Route
(a) Cruise Speed (maximum 5 characters).
Insert the true airspeed for the first or the whole
cruising portion of the flight, in terms of knots,
expressed as N followed by 4 digits (e.g. N0485), or
Mach number to the nearest hundredth of unit Mach,
expressed as M followed by 3 digits (for example,
M082).
(b) Cruising level (maximum 5 characters).
Insert the planned cruising level for the first or the
whole portion of the route to be flown, in terms of
flight level, expressed as F followed by 3 figures (for
example, F180; F330), or altitude in hundreds of feet,
expressed as A followed by 3 figures (for example,
A040; A170).
(c) Route. Insert the requested route of flight
in accordance with guidance below.
NOTE−
Speed and/or altitude changes en route will be accepted by
FAA computer systems, but will not be processed or
forwarded to controllers. Pilots are expected to maintain
the last assigned altitude and request revised altitude
clearances directly from ATC.
(d) Insert the desired route of flight using a
combination of published routes and/or fixes in the
following formats:

should be separated by the characters “DCT”,
meaning direct.
EXAMPLE−
FLACK DCT IRW DCT IRW125023
NOTE−
IRW125023 identifies the fix located on the Will Rogers
VORTAC 125 radial at 23 DME.
(2) Combinations of published routes, and
fixes, navaids or waypoints should be separated by a
single space.
EXAMPLE−
WORTH5 MQP V66 ABI V385
(3) Although it is recommended that filed
airway junctions be identified using a named junction
fix when possible, there may be cases where it is
necessary to file junctioning airways without a named
fix. In these cases, separate consecutive airways with
a space.
EXAMPLE−
V325 V49
NOTE−
This method of filing an airway junction may result in a
processing ambiguity. This might cause the flight plan to be
rejected in some cases.

7. Item 16. Destination Aerodrome, Total
EET, Alternate and 2nd Alternate Aerodrome
(a) Destination Aerodrome and Total Estimated Elapsed Time (EET).
(1) Insert the ICAO four−letter location
identifier for the destination aerodrome; or, if no
ICAO location identifier has been assigned,
(Location identifiers, such as WY66, A08, and 5B1,
are not an ICAO standard format),
(2) Insert ZZZZ and specify the non−ICAO
location identifier, or fix/radial/distance from a
nearby navaid, followed the name of the aerodrome,
in Item 18, following characters DEST/,
(3) Then, without a space, insert the total
estimated time en route to the destination.
EXAMPLE−
1. KOKC0200
2. ZZZZ0330
(b) Alternate and 2nd Alternate Aerodrome
(Optional).
(1) Following the intended destination,
insert the ICAO four−letter location identifier(s) of alternate aerodromes; or, if no location identifier(s)
have been assigned;
(2) Insert ZZZZ and specify the name of the
aerodrome in Item 18, following the characters
ALTN/.
EXAMPLE−
1. KDFW0234 KPWA
2. KBOS0304 ZZZZ
NOTE−
Although alternate airport information filed in an FPL will
be accepted by air traffic computer systems, it will not be
presented to controllers. If diversion to an alternate airport
becomes necessary, pilots are expected to notify ATC and
request an amended clearance.

8. Item 18. Other Information
(a) Insert 0 (zero) if no other information; or,
any other necessary information in the sequence
shown below, in the form of the appropriate indicator
followed by an oblique stroke and the information to
be recorded:
NOTE−
1. Operators are warned that the use of indicators not
included in the provisions may result in data being rejected,
processed incorrectly, or lost.
2. Hyphens “-” or oblique strokes “/” should only be used
as described.
3. Avoid use of any other special characters in Field 18
information- use only letters and numbers.
4. An indicator without any associated information will
result in flight plan rejection.
(b) STS/ Reason for special handling by ATS
as follows:
(1) ALTRV: For a flight operated in
accordance with an altitude reservation.
(2) ATFMX: For a flight approved for
exemption from ATFM measures by the appropriate
ATS authority.
(3) FFR: Fire-fighting.
(4) FLTCK: Flight check for calibration of
navaids.

(5) HAZMAT: For a flight carrying hazardous material.
(6) HEAD: A flight with Head of State
status.

(7) HOSP: For a medical flight declared by
medical authorities.

(8) HUM: For a flight operating on a
humanitarian mission.
(9) MARSA: For a flight for which a
military entity assumes responsibility for separation
of military aircraft.
(10) MEDEVAC: For a life critical medical
emergency evacuation.
(11) NONRVSM: For a non-RVSM
capable flight intending to operate in RVSM airspace.
(12) SAR: For a flight engaged in a search
and rescue mission.
(13) STATE: For a flight engaged in
military, customs, or police services.
NOTE−
Other reasons for special handling by ATS are denoted
under the designator RMK/.
(c) PBN/ Indication of RNAV and/or RNP
capabilities. Include as many of the descriptors below
as apply to the flight, up to a maximum of 8 entries;
that is a total of not more than 16 characters.

NOTE−
Combinations of alphanumeric characters not indicated
above are reserved.
(d) NAV/ Significant data related to navigation equipment, other than as specified in PBN/.
(1) When Performance Based Navigation
Capability has been filed in PBN/, if PBN routing is
desired for only some segment(s) of the flight then
that information can be conveyed by inserting the
character “Z” in Item 10 and “NAV/RNV” in field 18
followed by the appropriate RNAV accuracy value(s)
per the following:
[a] To be assigned an RNAV 1 SID,
insert the characters “D1”.
[b] To be assigned an RNAV 1 STAR,
insert the characters “A1”.
[c] To be assigned en route extensions
and/or RNAV PTP, insert the characters “E2”.
[d] To prevent assignment of an RNAV
route or procedure, insert a numeric value of “0” for
the segment of the flight. Alternatively, you may
simply remove the segment of the flight indicator and
numeric value from the character string.
EXAMPLE−
1. NAV/RNVD1 or NAV/RNVD1E0A0 (Same meaning)
2. NAV/RNVA1 or NAV/RNVD0E0A1 (Same meaning)
3. NAV/RNVE2 or NAV/RNVD0E2A0 (Same meaning)
4. NAV/RNVD1A1 or NAV/RNVD1E0A1 (Same meaning)

5. NAV/RNVD1E2A1
NOTE−
1. Route assignments are predicated on NAV/ data over
PBN/ data in ERAS.
2. Aircraft certification requirements for RNAV operations within U.S. airspace are defined in AC 90-45A,
Approval of Area Navigation Systems for Use in the U.S.
National Airspace System, and AC 90−100A, U.S.
Terminal and En Route Area Navigation (RNAV)
Operations, as amended.
(2) Operators should file their maximum
capabilities in order to qualify for the most advanced
procedures.
(e) COM/ Indicate communications capabilities not specified in Item 10a, when requested by an
air navigation service provider.
(f) DAT/ Indicate data applications or capabilities not specified in Item 10a, when requested by an
Air Navigation Service Provider.

Kraemer Aviation / Flymall.org May 2022 Wheels & Wings Newsletter

Tuesday, May 31st, 2022

Welcome to the Kraemer Aviation/Flymall.org Wheels & Wings Newsletter

Earlier this month, Kraemer Aviation hosted it’s annual Memorial Day cookout and car show. Click here for more pictures and videos from the event.

We had a very nice Ferguson tractor show up at the Memorial Day car show and Harry’s friend Bill Gibson drove his Batmobile which was a big hit. Click on the images below for a larger view. Click here for a YouTube video of Bill Gibson demonstrating the flames and the rocket launcher.

This month the theme is all about planes, cars, boats, trains, etc. made in or from France.

You can view past newsletters here. Please share this newsletter with your friends.

Interested in living at an airport?  Visit our Aviation Real Estate page here. You can view price data for airport property in our Market Watch section of the Flymall. Here is the data for all airport property. You can refine the search by “state” simply by searching for the desired state under “Model”. We have a very nice grass strip for sale in Carroll County Maryland. Click here for details.

Want to have your business highlighted on the Flymall???  We offer inexpensive rates to have your business featured on our Wheels & Wings page.  Contact us for more info.

History Trivia: Where did the term “Socked In” come from. It is often used to describe weather not suitable for VFR flying. History books point to the French for this term. In the early days of flying, the French would bring the wind sock in when it was raining or too windy for flying. This was so that the wind sock did not get damaged. Click here for an article Harry wrote about this and other aviation terms.

Aileron is another “French” term, meaning little wing or fin.

If you enjoy history we have a new aviation history fact each day at the bottom of our webpages.  Some days there may be more than one, just refresh the page.  And if you like Beatles history, checkout our Events Calendar and select the Beatles category.  This is a work in progress, we’re building the most comprehensive calendar of important dates in Beatle history.  For those that like to stick with current news, we have an aviation news ticker on our home page.  This is updated daily to show the current aviation news.

Did you know that the high-wheel bicycle was invented in France? Eugène Meyer, a Frenchman, invented the high-wheeler bicycle design in 1869 and fashioned the wire-spoke tension wheel. We have one high-wheeler in our collection, a Facile.

Achievements & Special Recognition: It is very cool to customize your ride, make it your own design. That is exactly what  French designer Guillaume Radomski did when he set out to build a custom Harley Davidson Sportster. He started with a 1998 Harley-Davidson XLH1200 Sportster and this was his finished product. Click on the image for a larger view. We think he deserves some special recognition for his work.

Instructors, what to highlight your students first solo or other achievement here?  Just send us a short write-up and a picture or two and we’ll post it here for you.  Click here for our contact info.

Aviation/Aviators in the news: The aviation section of the Flymall is full of aviation news, training info, and much more for the aviator.

While on the topic of aviators and keeping with our French theme this month, it is important to mention Octave Chanute. Octave helped a lot of early aviation pioneers including the Wright Brothers. In May 1899 Wilbur wrote a letter to the Smithsonian Institution requesting information and publications about aeronautics. Some of the information he received was the work of Octave Chanut. The Wright Brothers began their experimentation in aviation that year.

Did you know that Bugatti made an aircraft? It was the Bugatti Model 100. It is pictured here with a 1936 Bugatti type 57 sc atlalante 

Here’s a helicopter with an unusual tail rotor design. It was designed and built by French aircraft designer Jean Cantinieau. The Faon helicopter. Originally this machine was called the Bamby, the name was changed to avoid issues with Disney. It sort of looks like a cross between an early Bell helicopter and a Robinson.

Air show season is always just around the corner.  Want to travel to air shows in your own aircraft?  Visit our used aircraft page on the Flymall to view our inventory. This month we have an aircraft for sale that was made in France. Click here for information on this very nice Turbocharged Trinidad that we have for sale.

Car/Motorcycle Show News:   The Laytonsville Cruise In is the place to be on a Friday night in Montgomery County.  The Laytonsville Cruise In was started by Harry in 2010. It has become one of the most popular cruise ins in the area. You can follow Harry on Facebook for daily updates during the many shows and events he attends.

May 20th was the official opening night for the Laytonsville Cruise In. This was also free ice cream for the drivers sponsored by Kraemer Aviation. Harry & Pat’s good friend Mel was on hand and brought a very rare side-by-side two wheel bicycle.

The Flymall team attended Classic Motorcycle Day 2022. This is an annual event that we have been attending for over 10 years. Harry’s 1912 AC Delivery Trike won Best-of-Show out of about 250 motorcycles. Click on the image below for a larger view. Click here for more pictures of the event.

There were two very cool sidecar rigs with machine guns at Classic Motorcycle Day this year. The machine gun itself has a few “French connections”. Listed below are just a few of the connections with the French and the development of the modern machine gun.

1708 – A French officer invented a light cannon that could fire 30 shots in two and a half minutes.

1711 – a French lawyer presented to the parliament of Dijon a ‘war machine’ made up of 10 carbine barrels capable of firing continuously.

1740 – A cannon able to shoot 11 times per minute was developed by a Frenchman called Chevalier de Benac.

1775 – a breech-loading volley gun, similar to the later mitrailleuse, was invented by a Frenchman called Du Perron which was worked by 3 or 4 men and capable of discharging 24 barrels 10 times a minute for a total rate of fire of 240 shots per minute.

 1790 – A former officer in the French military known as Joseph-François-Louis Grobert invented a ‘ballistic machine’ or ‘pyroballistic machine’ with multiple barrels operated by 4 men and a continuous rotational movement capable of firing 360 rifle shots a minute in a variety of calibers.

1792 – a French artist known as Renard invented a piece of ordnance that could be operated by one man and fired 90 shots a minute. Also in 1792 a French mechanic called Garnier invented a musket battery made up of 15 barrels capable of firing 300 shots in 2 minutes for a total rate of fire of 150 shots a minute or 10 shots per minute per barrel and of being operated by one man.

1831 – A French mechanic from the Vosges department invented a lever-operated cannon that could fire 100 shots a minute.

1832 – A machine capable of firing 500 rifle shots a minute was devised by Hamel, a French mechanic.

1856 – Frenchman Francois Julien patented a cannon that fed from a type of open-ended tubular magazine, only using rollers and an endless chain in place of springs.

Earlier this month, the Flymall team also attended the East Coast Military Expo at the Hagerstown Aviation Museum. Great show in an awesome setting. Click here for more pictures from the event.

We also attended District Harley Davidson’s annual Memorial Day cookout and bikini bike wash. Beer, bikes, and bikinis – what’s not to like. Click here for more picture of this awesome event.

While it is rare to see a Citroen at a car show in the US, here is a Citroen that is extremely rare. A 1938 Citroën 11B Traction Avant Coupé, one of four built.

Here’s another Citroen, this one is a one-of-a-kind. Used by the BBC for the 1990 London Marathon.

Our Events Calendar has the most current info regarding local and national car shows, air shows, and more.  With nearly 30 categories, there is something for everyone.  The Day Tripper section of the Flymall has dozens of day trip ideals and interesting places to visit.  Check it out here.

Barn Finds/Hangar Finds:  Need an appraisal on your barn find?  Visit our Appraisal Page for information on our appraisals. 

Diana Dors’ 1949 Delahaye 175 S Roadster is an awesome French designed car that sold for 3.3 millions US Dollars in 2010. It’s surely not sitting in a barn somewhere forgotten. Hopefully she is on display for everyone to see and enjoy.

Most folks think of barn finds as something in the United States. Not true! Here is a story from 2019 about a barn find in France that included over 80 vehicles.

Visit our online store to search for hard to find car parts, aircraft parts, and much more.  You can pay online in our secure store, just click on the Store button on our home page.

Visit the Test Drive section of the Flymall for reviews on automobiles, aircraft, motorcycles, and more. Read about it before you buy it.  You can also research price info on a wide variety of vehicles, collectibles, and more in the Market Watch section of the Flymall. 

If you’re restoring a fabric aircraft, Ira Walker of Walker Aviation is your resource.  Visit his page on the Flymall by clicking here

CFI / DPE Notes:  Visit Harry’s Practical Test page for information on his checkrides.  You will also find useful information there to help you prepare for your checkride.  You can also visit Harry’s Lesson Plan section of the Flymall for other flight training information.  Visit our Flight Training page for information on our aviation training classes.

Weather in the news: The end of May 2022 brought us numerous days with line after line of thunderstorms moving through. The weather did clear up perfectly for the long Memorial Day weekend.

Three Wheel Association (TWA):  Harry started the Three Wheel Association in 2013 to promote/support the industry of three wheel vehicles of all types. Visit the Three Wheel Association page on the Flymall for more info on the association.

Keeping with the French theme this month, here is our 1975 Lomax 223 Roadster. She’s a British car with a French (Citroen) powerplant and drive train. We get our parts from a Japanese guy that owns a French Car parts business based in the United States.

Morgan, Darmont, Sandford??? What is the connection? Another British 3 wheeler with a French connection.

About the time of WWI, a French gentleman named Robert Darmont started his business as a importer of the Morgan 3 wheeler from England. After the war he obtained a license from Morgan to build the Morgan 3 wheeler in France. The Darmont-Morgan was born. The Morgan and Darmont-Morgan are basically identical, although one was built in France. Stewart Sandford, another French gentleman was selling the Morgan 3 wheeler in France. Stewart saw the need for a faster, more powerful 3 wheeler so he designed the Sandford 3 wheeler. It had a 4 cylinder Ruby engine in it. Very different from the Morgan. The Sandford is all steel with the engine fully enclosed. The Morgan F series 3 wheeler also had an enclosed engine.

Pictured here from Harry’s collection, is an original trading card showing the Sandford and two Sandford models. Notice the incorrect spelling of Sandford on the models. It is incorrectly spelled Sanford.

Want a reproduction vintage 3 wheeler.  Walker Aviation can scratch built from pictures or drawings.  Visit his page on the Flymall.  

Prototypes: Here’s an awesome little motorcycle that the French company Peugeot unveiled at the Paris Auto Show in 2018. Called the PX2. We couldn’t find any information regarding whether this will make it into production.

Between May 20-21 1927, Charles Lindbergh made the first solo Atlantic crossing in an airplane. He did this flight in the Spirit of St. Louis, a custom built (prototype) aircraft. This flight brought instant fame to Charles Lindbergh. The original Spirit of St. Louis in preserved and on display at the National Air and Space Museum.

Here’s our 1928 Shelby Indy Edition bicycle with sidecar. This bicycle was made to commemorate Lindbergh’s Atlantic crossing.

Nautical Notes: The French frigate Hermione, was a 32-gun Concorde-class frigate of the French Navy. A replica of this ship was built and launched in 2012. The original was lost in 1793. Pictured here is the replica.

Riding The Rails: Here’s a cool French train that started operations in the late 1960s. The Le Lyonnais, or the Lyonnais, was an express train that linked Paris and Lyon in France. Introduced in 1968, it was operated by the Société Nationale des Chemins de fer français (SNCF). The train is named after the geographical area known as the Lyonnais, a historical (former) French province, whose name came from the city of Lyon. Pictured here is one of their “preserved” locomotives.

Keeping with our French theme for this month, Octave Chanute (born in Paris France) began his training as a civil engineer in 1848. He was widely considered brilliant and innovative in the engineering profession. During his career he designed and constructed the United States’ two biggest stockyards, Chicago Stock Yards (1865) and Kansas City Stockyards (1871). He designed and built the Hannibal Bridge with Joseph Tomlinson and George S. Morison, which was the first bridge to cross the Missouri River in Kansas City, Missouri, in 1869 and established Kansas City as the dominant city in the region. He designed many other bridges during his railroad career, including the Illinois River rail bridge at Chillicothe, Illinois, the Genesee River Gorge rail bridge near Portageville, New York, the Sibley Railroad Bridge across the Missouri River at Sibley, and more.

Animals in the headlines: The Bloodhound is a dog known for it’s ability to track human scent, even days later. It origins are traced back to France thousands of years ago.

We close this newsletter with these words: Here’s a well know French quote for closing our French themed newsletter – There is only one happiness in life, to love and be loved.

Flymall / Kraemer Aviation April 2022 Wheels & Wings Newsletter

Friday, April 29th, 2022

Welcome to the Kraemer Aviation/Flymall.org Wheels & Wings Newsletter. The theme this month is “Famous people and their cars/planes/boats/trains, etc. & Famous Cars and Cars Seen On TV”.

This month; the story of Hachiko, new awards for the Laytonsville Cruise In, the first Boeing 720 built, Paul McCartney’s Aston Martin, a plane owned by Elvis, and more.

You can view past newsletters here.

Save the date. May 20 2022 is the “Official Opening Night” for the Laytonsville Cruise In. We will also have free ice cream for the drivers and one guest. Check out the new awards for this year.


Earlier this month, Kraemer Aviation hosted their annual Easter dinner. Click here for pictures from the event.

Interested in living at an airport?  Visit our Aviation Real Estate page here. You can view price data for airport property in our Market Watch section of the Flymall. Here is the data for all airport property. You can refine the search by “state” simply by searching for the desired state under “Model”.

Since this month’s theme is famous people and their vehicles, most likely one of the most famous aviation homes is John Travolta’s home and his planes. We have a few airport homes for sale in the Real Estate section of the Flymall.

We have a very nice grass strip available for sale. Keymar Airport in Carroll County Maryland. Click here for details.

Want to have your business highlighted on the Flymall???  We offer inexpensive rates to have your business featured on our Wheels & Wings page.  Contact us for more info.

History Trivia: Did you know that the first rock star to have his/her own private jet was James Brown. It was a Lear 23.

One of the most famous jets used by rock stars and rock groups was the Starship. The Starship was the very first Boeing 720 built. Groups that used this plane include Led Zeppelin, Deep Purple, Elton John, Allman Brothers Band, and many more.

If you enjoy history we have a new aviation history fact each day at the bottom of our webpages.  Some days there may be more than one, just refresh the page.  And if you like Beatles history, checkout our Events Calendar and select the Beatles category.  This is a work in progress, we’re building the most comprehensive calendar of important dates in Beatle history.  For those that like to stick with current news, we have an aviation news ticker on our home page.  This is updated daily to show the current aviation news.

Achievements & Special Recognition: Instructors, what to highlight your students first solo or other achievement here?  Just send us a short write-up and a picture or two and we’ll post it here for you.  Click here for our contact info.

Our friend Bill Gibson deserves some special recognition for his work on his own Bat Cave complete with a real Batmobile and Batcycle with Robin’s sidecar. Harry & Pat were lucky enough to get a personal tour recently. Click here for our post from the visit to the Bat Cave.

Aviation/Aviators in the news: Rock stars and private jets seem to go together. While the rock star’s whereabouts are usually known, sometimes their jets get lost. Elvis Presley’s 1962 Lockheed Jetstar sat abandoned for about 35 years until it was sold at auction in 2017 for just over $500,000 USD. It was in sad shape. You can view price data for Elvis Presley vehicles in our Market Watch section of the Flymall by clicking here.

The aviation section of the Flymall is full of aviation news, training info, and much more for the aviator.

The Kraemer Aviation team attended the Hagerstown Aviation Museum April Open House. Perfect weather and a great time. Click here for more pictures from the event.

Air show season is always just around the corner.  Want to travel to air shows in your own aircraft?  Visit our used aircraft page on the Flymall to view our inventory.

Car/Motorcycle Show News:   The Laytonsville Cruise In is the place to be on a Friday night in Montgomery County.  The Laytonsville Cruise In was started by Harry in 2010. It has become one of the most popular cruise ins in the area. You can follow Harry on Facebook for daily updates during the many shows and events he attends. Here’s info on the Cars & Cones event at the Laytonsville Cruise In.

Earlier this month, the Kraemer Aviation team attended the season’s first Bike Night at Elder Pine Brewing & Blending Co. Click here for some pictures from the event.

Who remembers The Bionic Woman? The series starred Lindsay Wagner. Here she is holding up a Mini Cooper with one hand.

District Harley Davidson held an open house “Blessing of the Bikes & Fish Fry” earlier this month. We were on hand to enjoy the bikes, food, and music. Click here for more pictures from the event.

Our Events Calendar has the most current info regarding local and national car shows, air shows, and more.  With nearly 30 categories, there is something for everyone.  The Day Tripper section of the Flymall has dozens of day trip ideals and interesting places to visit.  Check it out here.

We attended the annual Howard County Motorcycle Show & Swap meet earlier this month. This is a great place to find some good deals on used parts and motorcycles. Click here for more pictures from the event.

Here is a yearly event that is worth attending. A Gas & Steam Engine show at the Agricultural History Farm Park. The show is usually near the end of April or beginning of May. Lots of vintage tractors, farm animals, crafts, classic cars, good food, and more. Click here for some pictures from this year’s event.

If you grew up in the 60s, you will certainly remember The Munsters. You can view price data for some of the Munsters vehicles in our Market Watch section of the Flymall. Pictured here is their daily driver and grandpa in the Coffin Dragster.

Barn Finds/Hangar Finds:  Need an appraisal on your barn find?  Visit our Appraisal Page for information on our appraisals. 

Someone is just waiting and hoping to find this one in a barn somewhere. Perhaps two of the coolest things from the 1960s, Paul McCartney and his 1966 Aston Martin. And to add, the association of the car with James Bond! You can view Paul McCartney items in our Market Watch section here.

Here’s another Paul McCartney vehicle. Paul on his Honda motorcycle.

Visit our online store to search for hard to find car parts, aircraft parts, and much more.  You can pay online in our secure store, just click on the Store button on our home page.

Visit the Test Drive section of the Flymall for reviews on automobiles, aircraft, motorcycles, and more. Read about it before you buy it.  You can also research price info on a wide variety of vehicles, collectibles, and more in the Market Watch section of the Flymall. 

If you’re restoring a fabric aircraft, Ira Walker of Walker Aviation is your resource.  Visit his page on the Flymall by clicking here

CFI / DPE Notes:  Visit Harry’s Practical Test page for information on his checkrides.  You will also find useful information there to help you prepare for your checkride.  You can also visit Harry’s Lesson Plan section of the Flymall for other flight training information.  Visit our Flight Training page for information on our aviation training classes.

Earlier this month, Carmel passed her CFI (flight instructor) checkride with Harry. She is a very talented and natural pilot. This was their 4th checkride together.

Many of the local flying clubs at KGAI will often invite the DPEs to their club meetings and social events. This month, Harry, Pat, and Jett attended the Congressional Flying Club cookout at KGAI. It was a rainy evening, however everyone seemed to enjoy the company and grilled food. Click here for more pictures.

Weather in the news: While April is supposed to be the start of warmer weather, we had a few snow storms in April this year. Some were record breaking/setting.

April has certainly been a month to remember for severe weather. And this is how April 2022 ended. This was the Weather Channel’s forecast on Friday, April 29 2022. We had wind, hail, and tornado warnings!

Three Wheel Association (TWA):  Harry started the Three Wheel Association in 2013 to promote/support the industry of three wheel vehicles of all types. Visit the Three Wheel Association page on the Flymall for more info on the association.

One of our vintage 3 wheelers has met someone rich and famous. Our 1912 AC Delivery Trike and Wayne Carini of Chasing Classic Cars.

Want a reproduction vintage 3 wheeler.  Walker Aviation can scratch built from pictures or drawings.  Visit his page on the Flymall.  

Prototypes: Here’s a famous car from television in the mid 1980s. The Coyote X from the series Hardcastle & McCormick. The Coyote X was made using custom molds. It was based on the McLaren M6GT. The original one was made by Mike Fennel. It used a chassis from a Volkswagen Beetle and engine from a Porsche 914. For the second and third seasons, they used a different Coyote which was based on a De Lorean DMC-12. The judge drove a 1964 Corvette Sting Ray.

Nautical Notes: The rich and famous are no strangers to super yachts. Check out the Rising Sun motor yacht owned by David Geffen. She cost over $200 million to build. She’s 452 foot long and powered by 4 diesel engines producing over 48,000 horsepower. The yacht has 82 rooms and includes a gym, basketball court, wine cellar, and a movie theater. Sir Paul McCartney has been a guest on the Rising Sun.

Riding The Rails: Many celebrities have trains on their property or are model railroaders. Rod Stewart is one of them. Here is a little sample of his model railroad setup.

Animals in the headlines: Have you heard the story of Hachiko? He was a Japanese Akita dog, remembered for his remarkable loyalty to his owner, Hidesaburō Ueno, for whom he continued to wait for over nine years following Ueno’s death. Movies have been made about him. There are statues of him. There is an Akita Dog Museum In Japan that honors him. He has his own Wikipedia page. Click here for more information on this famous dog (man’s best friend).

We close this newsletter with these words: Don’t let anyone talk you out of pursuing what you know to be a great idea.

Commercial Pilot Questions / Scenarios

Friday, April 8th, 2022

1.On the descent, your captain drops below the glide slope. As FO. You bring it to his attention. He doesn’t respond to you or take corrective action. What should you do? >>>>>>>Call for a go-around (key the mike so it’s official with tower). If the CA still does not respond, take the controls.>>>>>>>>>Depends on how far out we are. IF outside the marker, probably nothing. Inside the marker, I’d insist on a missed approach if unstable and more than about a dot off. At 500 to mins if we are not stabilized and the Captain is unresponsive, I’m taking over and executing a missed approach.

2.You’re the FO. Your Captain shows up with what seems to be the smell of liquor on his breath. What would you do? Why? Other options?>>>>>>>>First, be very certain that it is liquor. Then tell the guy that he needs to call in sick immediately. I would tell him that he needs to first contact the union for substance-abuse intervention, then have the union contact me to confirm he did that. If he doesn’t comply, I call the CP.>>>>>>>>>>Bottom line is this. You need to be damn sure the guy has been drinking inside of the 8 hours or is impaired. Its possible the guy next to him spilled their beer on the Capt’s uniform shirt during the commute in. If I am really sure the guy has been drinking I’m going to encourage him to call in sick. If that fails, he has what is coming to him. I’d call my chief pilot and airport security as a last step.

3.A thunderstorm is moving in and approaching the end of the runway. Your captain is continuing on the approach to the same runway. What would say/do? Why?>>>>>>>>Point it out to the CA. If he takes no action, call approach and inquire about the storm cell. Request vectors if necessary.>>>>>>>>>How far is the T-storm? If close, I’d suggest we don’t land and wait for it to pass. Also, I’d have scoped out a reasonable alternate and suggest that. If we go missed into an T-storm we are done! Bottom line, I’m not going to let the Captain put me and the pax in a risky situation.

4.You’re at the hotel bar with your flight crew having drinks and its getting close to the 8 hour mark. Someone says lets have one more drink. What do you do?>>>>>>>>>Point out that time’s up, then go to my room. That way I dropped the hint, did not break the 8 hour rule, and did not witness anyone else breaking the rule. I don’t think I would play hall monitor. If they show up drunk in the AM, see #2.>>>>>>>>>. I’ve been here. I chose to leave prior to the 8 hour point and stopped drinking around 10 hours prior. Personally, I did not want to be witness to someone violating the 8 hours. When I left, everyone else left too…

5.How would you handle a situation where your captain didn’t seem to like you?>>>>>>>>Try to do your job and be polite. If the CA’s behavior is bad enough to affect your emotional state, you could either discuss it with him or ask company to pull you off the trip.>>>>>>>>I’ve seen this. Sometimes people don’t like you or you don’t like them. Who cares. I would run the checklists and required items, ensure safety of flight, and not let it bother me.

6.What would you do if your captain was performing nonstandard but not unsafe maneuvers?>>>>>>>Remind him of the SOP. If he continues to do it, maybe call union pro-standards…that will provide some intervention without getting him in trouble.>>>>>>If what the Captain is doing is not unsafe, I don’t feel it is necessary to correct them or inform them of company policy. My job isn’t check FO, it’s just FO. Anytime safety is compromised, I have a moral imperative to step in and stop the situation from escalating.

7.There are heavy thunderstorms ahead and your captain wants to fly through them. What should you say to the captain?>>>>>See #3>>>>>>>>>>>. This falls in a safety issue and I just tell the Capt. I’m not comfortable flying through T-storms. Perhaps give them a little lesson on WX radar.

8.You notice that your captain is not following the checklist. You bring it to his attention. He tells you he doesn’t need to follow it he knows it. What would you do? While in cruise, he starts reading a flight magazine. Should you say anything?>>>>>>>>If the CA refuses to use the checklist after being reminded, I would pull the checklist and run it myself to make sure it’s all done…out loud. If I think it’s a real issue, call pro-standards. If the CA takes a magazine out in cruise flight that means it’s time to read the paper, or whatever literature you brought.>>>>>>>>>Checklists are important. I would make sure the checklist is read by me. I occasionally see Capts who don’t do checklists or call for them online. Seriously, everyone reads magazines – I likely wouldn’t admit to reading in an interview, but I would not do anything about a captain who is reading. ALSO, this is a company issue , not an FAA issue. If your OPSPEC doesn’t prevent reading non-company material then it is okay.

9.Under what circumstances do you feel an FO would be justified in taking control of the aircraft (in flight) away from the captain?>>>>>>>>If the captain (a) is non-responsive or (b) flying the airplane into a dangerous situation, or (c) has lost attitude control and seems unable to correct it (stall, unusual attitude, etc). >>>>>>>>Impending doom.

10.The manifest shows you’re 55 pounds overweight. You inform your captain. He tells you it’s okay to fly. What should you do?>>>>>>Insist that the weight issue be corrected. If he refuses, threaten to walk off the job. He then has the choice of mellowing out, calling in sick, or explaining to the CP why his FO jumped ship. If he gives you a hard time about this, contact pro-standards.>>>>>Maybe there was a kid in the back that the FA miscounted as an adult? That should save some weight. If that fails, I’d Change the manifest to indicate less fuel and run the APU longer than required or take a 2 minute delay before takeoff to burn the 55LBS off so we are not overweight for takeoff.

11.If your captain showed up for your flight in a very bad mood, what would you do? Why?>>>>>>>>>>Suggest that maybe he should call in sick, express concern that he has a lot on his mind. If he is really out of control, threaten to walk off the job. He then has the choice of mellowing out, calling in sick, or explaining to the CP why his FO jumped ship.>>>>>>>>Who cares? Do the required checklists and flows, try to be friendly, and not worry about his problems.

Preflight Inspection

Thursday, April 7th, 2022

Preflight Procedures / Preflight Inspection

Here are some “hot items” to be sure and check closely

Check the spinner for cracks

Check spinner alignment

Look at the two 2 circled areas. They are areas that can rub and wear a hole in the hose. The green is the spiral wrap. The wrap will wear before the hose or wire does.

Brake pad inspection

If you turn on the master switch and you DO NOT hear this noise, what instrument may have failed??????

Know and understand what safety wire is and why it is used

Here is what can happen if you extend flaps above Vfe

Kraemer Aviation / Flymall.org March 2022 Wheels & Wings Newsletter

Saturday, March 26th, 2022

Welcome to the Kraemer Aviation/Flymall.org Wheels & Wings Newsletter. This month the theme is “Maryland” – Harry’s home state. This month’s newsletter is full of Maryland Wheels & Wings information including: aircraft manufacturers of Maryland, car manufacturers of Maryland, checkride success, an award winning flight instructor, and much more.

Next month the theme is “Famous people and their cars & Famous Cars”.

You can view past newsletters here.


Interested in living at an airport?  Visit our Aviation Real Estate page here. You can view price data for airport property in our Market Watch section of the Flymall. Here is the data for all airport property. You can refine the search by “state” simply by searching for the desired state under “Model”.

Want to have your business highlighted on the Flymall???  We offer inexpensive rates to have your business featured on our Wheels & Wings page.  Contact us for more info.

History Trivia: Not really Maryland related, but this is too cool of a fact not to share this month. The F-11 Tiger is noted for being the first jet aircraft to shoot itself down. On 21 September 1956, during a test-firing of its 20 mm (0.79 in) cannons, pilot Tom Attridge fired two bursts midway through a shallow dive. As the trajectory of the cannon rounds decayed, they ultimately crossed paths with the Tiger as it continued its descent, disabling it and forcing Attridge to crash-land the aircraft; he survived.

Did you know that Maryland was the home of two major aircraft manufacturers during the 1900s?

Fairchild Aircraft was based in Hagerstown Maryland from 1931 to 1984. The Fairchild F-27 was one of their popular turboprop aircraft. The F-27 could be configured as an airliner or a corporate aircraft.

Fairchild Aircraft also built the A-10 Thunderbolt. Production A-10s were built by Fairchild Aircraft in Hagerstown Maryland.

The Glen L Martin Company was based in Middle River Maryland from 1917 to 1961. One of the aircraft that the Glen L Martin Company was know for we the Martin B-26 Marauder. This aircraft was built in Middle River. The B-26 saw extensive service during WWII.

During the late 1980s, early 1990s Harry was working at the Martin State Airport, formerly know as the Glenn L Martin Airport where the B-26 was made. During his time there he meet an older gentleman that worked at the Glen L Martin Company and actually meet Glen L Martin. Glen L Martin gave this person a few pictures of the aircraft that were made in the Middle River location and this person passed them on to Harry sometime in the late 1980s. These pictures are still in Harry’s collection.

If you enjoy history we have a new aviation history fact each day at the bottom of our webpages.  Some days there may be more than one, just refresh the page.  And if you like Beatles history, checkout our Events Calendar and select the Beatles category.  This is a work in progress, we’re building the most comprehensive calendar of important dates in Beatle history.  For those that like to stick with current news, we have an aviation news ticker on our home page.  This is updated daily to show the current aviation news.

Achievements & Special Recognition: Instructors, what to highlight your students first solo or other achievement here?  Just send us a short write-up and a picture or two and we’ll post it here for you.  Click here for our contact info.

Earlier this month, Or Hadar passed the ground portion of her Instrument Rating checkride with Harry. She did an outstanding job. While in the military in Israel, she was a sim instructor for the Lockheed C-130. Or is considering being a career flight instructor. The industry needs more career instructors, especially goods ones like Or will be in a few months. We wish her the best in her aviation career.

Aviation/Aviators in the news: Harry’s good friend Yaniv Mizrahi was recently promoted to the assistant chief instructor at WIFA. Harry noticed what an outstanding job he was doing. So Harry contacted the FSDO recommending that he get some recognition. The Baltimore FSDO decided to give him an outstanding Flight Instructor award. Harry presented it to him at their monthly instructor meeting earlier this month. Way to go! Click on each picture for a larger view.

The aviation section of the Flymall is full of aviation news, training info, and much more for the aviator.

Air show season is always just around the corner.  Want to travel to air shows in your own aircraft?  Visit our used aircraft page on the Flymall to view our inventory.

Car/Motorcycle Show News:   The Laytonsville Cruise In is the place to be on a Friday night in Montgomery County.  The Laytonsville Cruise In was started by Harry in 2010. It has become one of the most popular cruise ins in the area. You can follow Harry on Facebook for daily updates during the many shows and events he attends.

Earlier this month, the Flymall team attended the District Harley Davidson Spring Open House event. It was a bit chilly and attendance was low. There were still a lot of nice bikes there. Click here for more pictures from the event.

Here’s a picture of the original McDonalds on Wise Ave in Dundalk Maryland. A favorite hangout spot for Harry and his school friends in the 1970s. Before Harry was old enough to drive, he would often ride his Power King 10 speed bike there (picture below) and later his 1972 Camaro (also pictured below).

Harry’s 1972 Camaro and his Power King ten speed bicycle. Harry still owns the 10 speed bicycle which is in very good condition.

Norris Ford was an iconic dealership of Dundalk. Before Harry was driving, he would often ride his Power King bicycle to this dealership to look at the new Mustangs sitting on the lot.

Our Events Calendar has the most current info regarding local and national car shows, air shows, and more.  With nearly 30 categories, there is something for everyone.  The Day Tripper section of the Flymall has dozens of day trip ideals and interesting places to visit.  Check it out here.

Not really with the theme of “Maryland” for this month, however this is too cool not to include it here. In 1936, Harley-Davidson decided to try their hand at land speed racing.  Other private race teams had previously used Harley-Davidson powered motorcycles, but this was to be the first “official” factory built land speed racer.  Harley started with a 1937 EL model which was powered by their new overhead valve 61ci Knucklehead motor.  Then they added low-slung handlebars and made a custom fairing using part of a gas tank that was reshaped to fit over the front forks.  For additional aerodynamics, they added a rear tail fin assembly.

By March of 1937, the motorcycle was ready to make an attempt at a new record.  During testing, it was discovered that the tail fin produced enough unwanted vibration that it was removed for the actual record attempt.  Harley chose factory racer Joe Petrali to pilot the motorcycle and on March 13, he set a record of 136.183 miles per hour on Daytona Beach. Click on the picture for a larger view. Click here for more reading on this bike.

Barn Finds/Hangar Finds:  Need an appraisal on your barn find?  Visit our Appraisal Page for information on our appraisals. 

Here’s a 1903 Indian motorcycle that sold in 2012 at the Wolfe Auction in Frederick Maryland for $155,000 USD. This bike was in all original condition. This bike predates the earliest Harley Davidson. It was part of a very large private collection being sold after the owner (Charlie Alder Jr.) passed away. Harry & Pat was there to witness this piece of history being sold. Charlie Alder collected everything from cars, motorcycles, railroad memorabilia, misc antiques, and more. There were 100s of Charlie’s items being sold at this auction. He must of had quite the barn!

Visit our online store to search for hard to find car parts, aircraft parts, and much more.  You can pay online in our secure store, just click on the Store button on our home page.

Visit the Test Drive section of the Flymall for reviews on automobiles, aircraft, motorcycles, and more. Read about it before you buy it.  You can also research price info on a wide variety of vehicles, collectibles, and more in the Market Watch section of the Flymall. 

If you’re restoring a fabric aircraft, Ira Walker of Walker Aviation is your resource.  Visit his page on the Flymall by clicking here

CFI / DPE Notes:  Visit Harry’s Practical Test page for information on his checkrides.  You will also find useful information there to help you prepare for your checkride.  You can also visit Harry’s Lesson Plan section of the Flymall for other flight training information.  Visit our Flight Training page for information on our aviation training classes.

Weather in the news: March 12th brought the Maryland area a mid March snow storm. Checkout these radar images as the storm progressed.

Friday March 11th.

Saturday morning, March 12th.

Here’s a rare sight in a Terminal Forecast, BWI was forecasting moderate ice pellets, moderate snow, and moderate rain all at the same time. This was during the March 12th storm. Click on the image below for a larger view.

Three Wheel Association (TWA):  Harry started the Three Wheel Association in 2013 to promote/support the industry of three wheel vehicles of all types. Visit the Three Wheel Association page on the Flymall for more info on the association.

Here is a cool motorcycle with sidecar taxi photographed on the streets of Baltimore Maryland in 1925.

Want a reproduction vintage 3 wheeler.  Walker Aviation can scratch built from pictures or drawings.  Visit his page on the Flymall.  

Prototypes: Not exactly a prototype, however it is a rare and unusual car that was made in Maryland. Sinclair Scott Company, built a car called the Maryland. It was built at their factory at the corner of Wells and Patapsco streets in Baltimore. It had a reputation for being the “solidest of the extra solid cars” of its day. Henry Ford was so impressed with the Maryland when it saw it at the Baltimore Auto Show in 1906 that he asked its maker, John and Edwin Rife, to merge their Baltimore plant with his. This did not happen. The Maryland was made from 1907 to 1910.

Sinclair-Scott was a maker of food canning machinery and in the early 1900s started to make car parts. One of their customers, Ariel, failed to pay, so to make amends, Sinclair-Scott took over production of the Ariel, moved the factory to Baltimore, and marketed the car as the Maryland. Pictured here is an Ariel which is identical to the Maryland.

The state of Maryland could have been The Motor City! Over 100 years ago, Maryland was the home of numerous car manufacturers.

The M.P Moller Motor Car Company of Hagerstown Maryland was one of them. They produced the Dagmar, an elegant early twenties sports roadster named after the owner’s eldest daughter. The company founder, Mathias Peter Möller, moved to Hagerstown Maryland in 1881 and soon became  the largest and most-widely known organ factory in the United States. The company started manufacturing cars in the early 1900s.

The Crawford Bicycle Company which became the Crawford Automobile Co. was based in Hagerstown Maryland.   In 1922 Mr. Moller took over the Crawford Automobile Co. and introduced the Dagmar (mentioned above).

Crouch Automobile Manufacturing and Transportation Co. in Baltimore City made the Crouch in the 1890s. This was a steam powered vehicle.

The Carter Motor Car Co. in Hyattsville Maryland. In 1907 it introduced the first Carter Twin-Engine.. Beneath the rounded hood were two four-cylinder, horsepower motors. The driver could run on one engine or shift to both if more power was needed on a hill.

The  Schaum Automobile Motor Manufacturing Co. in Baltimore City. Between 1900 and 1903, the company turned out a few cars that were powered by a single cylinder gas engine mounted under the seat.

The Pope Manufacturing Co. in Hagerstown between 1904 and 1907 made the Pope-Tribune. This company was an offshoot of the nation’s largest bicycle manufacturing company.

The Carl Spoerer’s Sons made the Spoerer between 1903 and 1913 in Baltimore City.

The Burns Brothers of Havre de Grace Maryland manufactured cars between 1908 and 1912.

Lord Baltimore Motor Car Co. It offered a line of cars and trucks between 1911 and 1913.

 And we have the Steinmetz Truck, an electric vehicle made by Steinmetz Motor Car Co., in Baltimore, between 1920 and 1927.

Nautical Notes: Here are a couple of boats that Harry sailed on in the early 1970s. He was part of the Sea Scouts, long before they were a part of the Boy Scouts. The sailboat was a 42 foot Ketch called the Mermaid. The other was a WWII crash boat called the Burch. Most of the sailing was done on Maryland’s Chesapeake Bay. They would often go out for weeks at a time. Click on each image for a larger view.

Frozen Chesapeake Bay in 1930s with the ferry John M. Dennis. This ferry had a hull capable of breaking ice.  The John M. Dennis was built in 1929 and was just over 200 feet long. It carried 65 vehicles and 880 passengers. It was placed in service on June 13, 1929.

Riding The Rails: Baltimore is also home for the B&O Railroad Museum. This museum has the largest collection of 19th-century locomotives in the states.

Animals in the headlines: Since our theme is “Maryland” this month, Maryland’s official state dog is the Chesapeake Bay Retriever. The Chesapeake Bay Retriever’s roots are traced all the way back to 1807 when two pups who were rescued from a foundering ship in Maryland in 1807.

George Law, who rescued the pups, wrote this account in 1845 which appears on the website of the American Chesapeake Bay Retriever Club:

In the fall of 1807 I was on board of the ship Canton, belonging to my uncle, the late Hugh Thompson, of Baltimore, when we fell in, at sea, near the termination of a very heavy equinoctial gale, with an English brig in a sinking condition, and took off the crew. The brig was loaded with codfish, and was bound to Pole, in England, from Newfoundland. I boarded her, in command of a boat from the Canton, which was sent to take off the English crew, the brig’s own boats having been all swept away, and her crew in a state of intoxication. I found onboard of her two Newfoundland pups, male and female, which I saved, and subsequently, on our landing the English crew at Norfolk, our own destination being Baltimore, I purchased these two pups of the English captain for a guinea apiece. Being bound again to sea, I gave the dog pup, which was called Sailor, to Mr. John Mercer, of West River; and the slut pup, which was called Canton, to Doctor James Stewart, of Sparrow’s Point. The history which the English captain gave me of these pups was, that the owner of his brig was extensively engaged in the Newfoundland trade, and had directed his correspondent to select and send him a pair of pups of the most approved Newfoundland breed, but of different families, and that the pair I purchased of him were selected under this order. The dog was of a dingy red colour; and the slut black. They were not large; their hair was short, but very thick-coated; they had dew claws. Both attained great reputation as water-dogs. They were most sagacious in every thing, particularly so in all duties connected with duck-shooting. Governor Lloyd exchanged a Merino ram for the dog, at the time of the Merino fever, when such rams were selling for many hundred dollars, and took him over to his estate on the eastern shore of Maryland, where his progeny were well known for many years after; and may still be known there, and on the western shore, as the Sailor breed. The slut remained at Sparrows Point till her death, and her progeny were and are still well known, through Patapsco Neck, on the Gunpowder, and up the bay, amongst the duck-shooters, as unsurpassed for their purposes. I have heard both Doctor Stewart and Mr. Mercer relate most extraordinary instances of the sagacity and performance of both dog and slut, and would refer you to their friends for such particulars as I am unable, at this distance of time, to recollect with sufficient accuracy to repeat

We close this newsletter with these words: Here’s a quote from Edgar Allan Poe who called Baltimore Maryland his home several times during his life: We loved with a love that was more than love. Edgar Allan Poe wrote the poem “The Raven” which Baltimore’s football team is named after.

Flymall / Kraemer Aviation February 2022 Wheels & Wings Newsletter

Sunday, February 27th, 2022

Welcome to the Kraemer Aviation/Flymall.org Wheels & Wings Newsletter

You can view past newsletters here. This month the theme is “You Can Take It With You”. Including folding motorcycles, a sub that can launch a plane, cool motorcycle haulers, the first flying car, and more.

Interested in living at an airport?  Visit our Aviation Real Estate page here. You can view price data for airport property in our Market Watch section of the Flymall. Here is the data for all airport property. You can refine the search by “state” simply by searching for the desired state under “Model”. Under our “Listings” we have several airports coming up for sale as well as some business opportunities. Contact us for more details.

Want to have your business highlighted on the Flymall???  We offer inexpensive rates to have your business featured on our Wheels & Wings page.  Contact us for more info.

History Trivia: Ever since man started using the aircraft for transportation, a new issue needed a solution. Once I fly to an airport close to my destination, how do I get to my final destination? It would be nice if my light aircraft could convert into ground transportation. The flying car was born. Did you know that the flying car is almost as old as the airplane? In 1917 Glenn Curtiss invented the Autoplane. It actually flew, however this was just before WWI and the war ended the development of the Autoplane. Visit the Flying Car page on the Flymall for more information on Flying Cars.

If you enjoy history/history trivia we have a new aviation history fact each day at the bottom of our webpages.  Some days there may be more than one, just refresh the page.  And if you like Beatles history, checkout our Events Calendar and select the Beatles category.  This is a work in progress, we’re building the most comprehensive calendar of important dates in Beatle history. Many of the Beatles events in the calendar include pictures and even music videos.  For those that like to stick with current news, we have an aviation news ticker on our home page.  This is updated daily to show the current aviation news.

Achievements & Special Recognition: In 2021 Harry nominated Dr. David Forshey for the Wright Brothers Master Pilot Award. This award is given to pilot with more than 50 years of flying experience. It’s a long process for the FAA to review and verify the person’s flying history. In January of 2022 Harry was notified by the FSDO that the FAA was going to present Dr. Forshey with the award. So Pat and Harry hosted a surprise lunch-in for him including some previous Frederick Aviation employees. Click here for more pictures from the event.

Instructors, what to highlight your students first solo or other achievement here?  Just send us a short write-up and a picture or two and we’ll post it here for you.  Click here for our contact info.

Aviation/Aviators in the news: The aviation section of the Flymall is full of aviation news, training info, and much more for the aviator.

A plane that carries a spare plane!

Air show season is always just around the corner.  Want to travel to air shows in your own aircraft?  Visit our used aircraft page on the Flymall to view our inventory.

Car/Motorcycle Show News:   The Laytonsville Cruise In is the place to be on a Friday night in Montgomery County.  The Laytonsville Cruise In was started by Harry in 2010. It has become one of the most popular cruise ins in the area. You can follow Harry on Facebook for daily updates during the many shows and events he attends. The cruise in is now into it’s 13th year.

Our team attended the International Motorcycle Show in Timonium Maryland earlier this month. This is one of the biggest shows on the east coast. Click here fore more pictures from the event. Our 1912 AC Delivery Trike won a Best In Show award at this show a few years ago.

A motorcycle or scooter is the perfect vehicle to “take with you”. Did you know that over the years there has been numerous motorcycles or scooters designed to be easily carried with you. The 1960s Centaur Folding Scooter was marketed as America’s only “full size” scooter that you can fold up like a suitcase and take if with you. Click here to review price data on the Centaur Folding Scooter in our Market Watch section of the Flymall. Pictured below is the scooter folded as a suitcase and expanded as a rideable scooter.

Here’s another folding scooter – the Valmobile Suitcase Scooter.  Click here for more pictures of the Valmobile Suitcase Scooter.

Often seen at Classic Motorcycle Day, a WWII paratrooper motorcycle or WWII Welbike. This bike was designed/developed by the British during WWII. Welbike was designed to fit into a CLE Canister – the standard parachute airdrop container. WWII paratroopers could be dropped from the plane with these small motorcycles and have ground transportation once they landed. Basically a “motorcycle in a can” to take on the go.

Here’s a post we did a while back about a dentist that loved his hot rods and classic cars. So he took his hobby to work with him. He designed and built a hot rod orthodontic office. Click here for the post. So even a doctor can take his hobby to work with him.

1972 Suzuki Go concept. Presented at the Brussels Motor Show, an open pick-up concept with a 750cc Suzuki motor bike engine mounted on the left side and the radiator on the right. The tailgate doubled up as a loading ramp, additionally an outboard motor could be fitted to make the Go amphibious. This vehicle was designed to take your motorcycle or snowmobile with you. A very cool concept that never made it into production.

And after seeing the Suzuki above, you thought that cars made to carry motorcycles couldn’t look cool!!!

Here’s another folding scooter/motorcycle. The Honda Motocompo was a folding scooter sold by Honda from 1981 to 1983. It was introduced as a “trunk bike” to fit inside subcompact cars like the Honda Today and the  Honda City

While on the topic of motorcycles, the Flymall team attended the Harley Davidson World Premier Event by Harley Davidson showcasing the new 2022 models. Click here for some pictures from the event.

Our Events Calendar has the most current info regarding local and national car shows, air shows, and more.  With nearly 30 categories, there is something for everyone.  The Day Tripper section of the Flymall has dozens of day trip ideals and interesting places to visit.  Check it out here.

Barn Finds/Hangar Finds:  Need an appraisal on your barn find?  Visit our Appraisal Page for information on our appraisals. 

Visit our online store to search for hard to find car parts, aircraft parts, and much more.  You can pay online in our secure store, just click on the Store button on our home page.

Visit the Test Drive section of the Flymall for reviews on automobiles, aircraft, motorcycles, and more. Read about it before you buy it.  You can also research price info on a wide variety of vehicles, collectibles, and more in the Market Watch section of the Flymall. 

If you’re restoring a fabric aircraft, Ira Walker of Walker Aviation is your resource.  Visit his page on the Flymall by clicking here

CFI / DPE Notes:  Visit Harry’s Practical Test page for information on his checkrides.  You will also find useful information there to help you prepare for your checkride.  You can also visit Harry’s Lesson Plan section of the Flymall for other flight training information.  Visit our Flight Training page for information on our aviation training classes.

Carmel passed her commercial pilot checkride earlier this month with Harry. She is an outstanding pilot. She did this just a few days before her birthday, so she has a lot to celebrate. On her checkride she had moderate turbulence the entire flight, it was bad enough that she kept the speed below maneuvering speed for the entire flight. Check this out: First lesson 9-3-2021, first solo 9-23-2021, private pilot checkride 10-07-2021, instrument rating 11-11-2021. Instructor level of knowledge on all checkrides, she knew more than some CFIs. After her instrument checkride, she criss crossed the country to build her hours for the commercial certificate. She is pictured below with Harry and her instructor Yaniv. Click on the image for a larger view. Way to go Carmel Haas

Weather in the news: February 3 brought us a major storm system that stretched from the Gulf coast all the way up into Canada.

Feb 17, This storm system stretches from the Gulf all the way up into Canada.

Three Wheel Association (TWA):  Harry started the Three Wheel Association in 2013 to promote/support the industry of three wheel vehicles of all types. Visit the Three Wheel Association page on the Flymall for more info on the association.

Here’s a cool 3 wheel motorcycle carrying a 2 wheel motorcycle. The 3 wheeler is a BMW Dreirad Lieferwagen.

Want a reproduction vintage 3 wheeler.  Walker Aviation can scratch built from pictures or drawings.  Visit his page on the Flymall.  

Many of the larger car manufacturers toyed with 3 wheelers. Here is one made by Subaru. The 1980 Subaru Gyronaut X-100, a three-wheeled prototype capable of over 100 miles per gallon. Apparently, it achieved this feat while averaging 55 miles per hour. It was designed and built at Subaru Technical Center in Santa Ana, California.

Prototypes: Did you know that Goodyear made an inflatable airplane?  It was called the Inflatoplane. It was to be used by the US military as a rescue plane to be dropped  behind enemy lines.  Only 12 were made.  It did prove to be an airworthy airplane.   The Goodyear Inflatoplane was an all fabric inflatable aircraft. It could be packed into a 44 cubic foot container. That made Inflatoplane suitable for transport by truck, jeep trailer or aircraft. The main use for this unusual aircraft was rescue. The plan was to drop the container behind enemy lines so downed pilots could rescue themselves.  The plane had it’s own air compressor to inflate itself.

The Mazda Suitcase Car was originally designed and built in 1991 as part of a design contest held at Mazda’s Engineering department.  One of the engineers had an idea. What if you could get off a plane, get your luggage, and instead of waiting in line for a taxi or shuttle just pop open your suitcase and drive off? Click here for a post we did regarding this interesting car.

Nautical Notes: A concept 1917 Brazilian Navy submarinebase boat. We do not believe that this was ever developed. It is however a cool concept. A boat that could launch and recover a submarine.

The Japanese did develop sub that carried an aircraft. How deadly was this?

Riding The Rails: Traveling from the Mid-Atlantic to Florida, you have a few options. Fly, drive your car, or take the train. However once you arrive in Florida via train or plane, you need to rent a car. But what if you could take your car with you without driving it all the way to Florida. In December of 1971 this concept became a reality with the Auto-Train. This 855 mile route is currently operated by Amtrak. So you can enjoy the luxury of traveling by train and have your own car when you arrive in Florida.

The Flymall team visited the scale model train show. Click here for more pictures and video from the event. There were some awesome layouts on display.

Here’s Harry’s video montage of the running trains at the show.

Here’s a still picture video montage from the event.

Animals in the headlines: Like to ride motorcycles and would like to share the fun with your dog? Check out this cool sidecar made to carry a dog safely. You can take your dog with you when riding!

We close this newsletter with these words: A father told his daughter, “Congrats on your graduation. I bought you a car a while back. I want you to have it now. Before I give it to you, take it to a car dealer in the city see how much they offer you for it.”

The girl came back to her father and said: “They offered me $10,000 dollars because it looks very old”
Father said: “Ok, now take it to the pawn shop”.

The girl returns to her father and said: “The pawn shop offered $1,000 dollars because it’s a very old car and it looks like it needs some work done to it”.

The father told her to join a car club with members passionate about this type car and show them the car. The girl drove the car to her first car club meeting. When she returned home, she told her father that several guys in the club offered me $100,000 dollars because its a rare car that’s in good condition.

Then the father said, “This showed you that you are not worth anything if you are not in the right place. If you are not appreciated, do not be angry, that means you are in the wrong place. Don’t stay in a place where no one sees your value .”

Know your worth and know where you are valued.
A diamond doesn’t shine in the bottom of a cave.

Single Engine Add On Practical test

Wednesday, February 9th, 2022

If the applicant holds a Commercial certificate AMEL and they want to add on the commercial ASEL, they need to do the following on the practical test:

I. Preflight Preparation

F. Performance and Limitations

G. Operation of Systems

II. Preflight Procedures

A. Preflight Assessment

B. Flight Deck Management

F. Before Takeoff Check

IV. Takeoffs, Landings, and Go-Arounds

A. Normal Takeoff and Climb

B. Normal Approach and Landing

C. Soft-Field Takeoff and Climb (ASEL)

D. Soft-Field Approach and Landing (ASEL)

E. Short-Field Takeoff and Maximum Performance Climb (ASEL, AMEL)

F. Short-Field Approach and Landing (ASEL, AMEL) On the mark, plus 100 feet.

M. Power Off 180 Accuracy Approach And Landing ASEL

V.  Performance and Ground Reference Maneuvers

B. Steep Spiral (ASEL, ASES)

C. Chandelles (ASEL, ASES)

<<<<<<OR>>>>>> THEY NEED TO DO B&C OR D&E

D. Lazy Eights (ASEL, ASES)

E. Eights on Pylons (ASEL, ASES)

IX. Emergency Operations

B. Emergency Approach and Landing (Simulated) (ASEL, ASES)

C. Systems and Equipment Malfunctions



SCCA and or FIA racing license

Wednesday, February 2nd, 2022

1) First, join the SCCA.

2) Purchase approved equipment. Many sources on the internet I can recommend. Also OG racing behind Dulles in Sterling, VA where you can see and try everything.
3) Then attendance at accredited SCCA Driver’s School will get you an initial (provisional) license in a three-day weekend. There is one at Summit Point that is the closest.

4) Another three-day school will get you your full competition license. 

Summit Point Racing School

Bertil Roos Racing School

OG Racing site

SCCA Racing Schools

Road Racing

How to get an SCCA Competition License video on YouTube

Kaizen Racing School

Another site with some good information on getting started racing.

Today in Aviation History