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Monday, July 30th, 2012

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New ATP Regs

Sunday, July 29th, 2012

[4910-13]

 

DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

 

Federal Aviation Administration

 

14 CFR Parts 61, 121, 135, 141, and 142

 

Docket No. FAA–2010–0100; Notice No. 12-01

 

RIN 2120-AJ67

 

Pilot Certification and Qualification Requirements for Air Carrier Operations

 

AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT.

 

ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM).

 

SUMMARY: This action would create new certification requirements for pilots in air carrier operations. The proposal would require a second in command (first officer) in part 121 operations to hold an airline transport pilot (ATP) certificate and a type rating for the aircraft to be flown. The FAA proposes to allow pilots with an aviation degree or military pilot experience to obtain an ATP certificate with restricted privileges with fewer than 1,500 hours total time as a pilot. The proposal also would require at least 1,000 flight hours in air carrier operations in order to serve as a pilot in command in part 121 air carrier operations. Finally, the FAA is proposing to modify an ATP certificate with an airplane category multiengine class rating or type rating to require 50 hours of multiengine flight experience and completion of a new FAA-approved ATP Certification Training Program for a Multiengine Class Rating or Type Rating that would include academic training and training in a flight simulation training device. These proposed requirements would ensure that pilots have proper qualifications and experience in difficult operational conditions and in a multi‑crew environment prior to serving as pilot flight crew members in air carrier operations.

 

 

 

 

§61.35 Knowledge test: Prerequisites and passing grades.

 

(a) * * *

 

(2) After July 31, 2013, for the knowledge test for an airline transport pilot certificate with an airplane category multiengine class rating or type rating, a certificate of completion for the ATP certification training program specified in §61.154; and

 

* * * * *

 

4. Amend §61.39 by revising paragraph (b) to read as follows:

 

§61.39 Prerequisites for practical tests.

 

* * * * *

 

(b) To be eligible for a practical test for an airline transport pilot certificate with an airplane category multiengine class rating or type rating issued under this part, an applicant must:

(1) After July 31, 2013, complete the ATP certification training program required by §61.154;

(2) Pass the required knowledge test;

(i) For those applicants who pass the knowledge test prior to August 1, 2013, those knowledge test results will expire on July 31, 2015;

(ii) For those applicants who pass the knowledge test after completing the ATP certification training program, the knowledge test results will expire 60 calendar months after the knowledge test was successfully completed.

(3) Present the knowledge test report and, if applicable, the certificate of completion for the ATP certification training program in §61.154, at the time of application for the practical test;

(4) Have satisfactorily accomplished the required training and obtained the aeronautical experience prescribed by this part for the certificate or rating sought;

(i) If applying for the practical test under the aeronautical experience requirements of §61.160(a), the applicant must present the documents required by that section to substantiate eligibility;

(ii) If applying for the practical test under the aeronautical experience requirements of §61.160(b), the applicant must present official transcripts from an accredited 4-year post secondary institution substantiating eligibility;

(5) Hold at least a third-class medical certificate, if a medical certificate is required;

(6) Meet the prescribed age requirement of this part for the issuance of the certificate or rating sought;

(7) If applying for a type rating to be concurrently completed with an airline transport pilot certificate, have the endorsement required by §61.157(b) in the applicant’s logbook or training record; and

(8) Have a completed and signed application form.

 

* * * * *

 

5. Amend §61.55 by revising paragraph (a) introductory text and by removing the phrase “part 121,” from paragraph (e) introductory text to read as follows:

 

 

§61.55 Second-in-command qualifications.

(a) Except for pilots in part 121 operations after July 31, 2013, a person may serve as a second-in-command of an aircraft type certificated for more than one required pilot flight crewmember or in operations requiring a second-in-command pilot flight crewmember only if that person holds:

 

* * * * *

 

§61.71 Graduates of an approved training program other than under this part:

 

Special rules.

 

* * * * *

 

(b) * * *

 

(1) After July 31, 2013, satisfactorily completed the ATP certification training program specified in §61.154.

 

* * * * *

 

8. Amend §61.153 as follows:

 

A. Revise paragraph (a);

 

B. Redesignate paragraphs (e) through (h) as paragraphs (f) through (i); and

 

C. Add a new paragraph (e).

 

The addition and revisions read as follows:

 

§61.153 Eligibility requirements: General.

 

* * * * *

 

(a) Meet the following age requirements:

(1) For an ATP certificate obtained under the aeronautical experience requirements of §61.159, be at least 23 years of age; or

(2) For an ATP certificate obtained under the aeronautical experience requirements of §61.160, be at least 21 years of age.

 

* * * * *

(e) After July 31, 2013, for an airline transport pilot certificate with an airplane category multiengine class rating or type rating, receive a certificate of completion from an authorized training provider certifying completion of the ATP certification training program specified in §61.154 before applying for the knowledge test required by paragraph

 

(g) of this section;

 

* * * * *

 

9. Add §61.154 to read as follows:

 

§61.154 ATP Certification Training Program: Airplane Category – Multiengine Class Rating or Aircraft Type Rating.

 

After July 31, 2013, a person who applies for the knowledge test for an airline transport pilot certificate with an airplane category multiengine class rating or an aircraft type rating must present a certificate of completion from an authorized training provider certifying the applicant has completed the following training in a course approved by the Administrator under part 121, 135, 141, or 142 of this chapter.

 

(a) Academic training. The applicant for the knowledge test must receive at least 24 hours of classroom instruction that includes the following:

(1) At least 5 hours of instruction on high altitude operations, including aerodynamics and physiology;

(2) At least 3 hours of instruction on meteorology, including adverse weather phenomena and weather radar; and

(3) At least 12 hours of instruction on air carrier operations, including turbine engines, transport category aircraft performance, automation, communications, checklist philosophy, and operational control.

(b) FSTD Training. The applicant for the knowledge test must receive at least 16 hours of training in a flight simulation training device qualified under part 60 of this chapter that represents a multiengine turbine airplane. The training must include the following:

(1) At least 8 hours of training in a Level C or higher full flight simulator on

(i) Low energy states/stalls;

(ii) Upset recovery techniques; and

(iii) Adverse weather conditions, including icing, thunderstorms, and crosswinds with gusts; and

(2) At least 8 hours of training in a Level 4 or higher flight training device or a full flight simulator on

(i) Aircraft performance;

(ii) Navigation;

(iii) Automation; and

(iv) Crew resource management.

 

10. Amend §61.155 as follows:

 

A. Remove the word “and” after the semicolon in paragraph (c)(12);

 

B. Remove the period from the end of paragraph (c)(13) and add the phrase “; and” in its place; and

 

C. Add paragraphs (c)(14) and (d).

 

The additions read as follows:

 

§61.155 Aeronautical knowledge.

 

* * * * *

 

(c) * * *

 

(14) After July 31, 2013, for airplane category multiengine class rating or aircraft type rating, the approved training course in §61.154.

 

(d) An applicant who successfully completes the knowledge test for an airline transport pilot certificate with an airplane category multiengine class rating or aircraft type rating prior to August 1, 2013, must successfully complete the practical test for that category and class by July 31, 2015. An applicant who passes the knowledge test prior to August 1, 2013, but fails to successfully complete the practical test by July 31, 2015, must complete the ATP certification training program specified in §61.154 and retake the knowledge test

prior to applying for the practical test.

 

11. Amend §61.157 as follows:

 

A. Remove the word “and” from after the semicolon in paragraph (a)(2)(i);

 

B. Remove the period from the end of paragraph (a)(2)(ii) and add a semicolon in its place; and

 

C. Add paragraph (a)(2)(iii).

 

The addition reads as follows:

 

§61.157 Flight proficiency.

 

(a) * * *

(2) * * *

(iii) After July 31, 2013, if applying for an airplane category multiengine class rating or aircraft type rating, the training requirements of §61.154.

 

* * * * *

 

12. Amend §61.159 as follows:

 

A. Redesignate paragraphs (a)(3) through (a)(5) as paragraphs (a)(4) through (a)(6);

 

B. Add a new paragraph (a)(3);

 

C. Remove the phrase “paragraph (a)(3)(ii)” from newly redesignated paragraph (a)(4)(i) and add the phrase “paragraph (a)(4)(ii)” in its place; and

 

D. Remove the phrase “paragraph (a)(3)” from newly re‑designated paragraph (a)(4)(ii) and add the phrase “paragraph (a)(4)” in its place.

 

The addition reads as follows

 

§61.159 Aeronautical experience: Airplane category rating.

 

(a) * * *

 

(3) 50 hours of flight time in the class of aircraft for which the rating is sought. An applicant may receive credit for not more than 10 hours in a full flight simulator that represents the class of airplane.

 

* * * * *

 

13. Add §61.160 to read as follows:

 

§61.160 Aeronautical experience: Airplane Category Rating – Restricted Privileges

 

A person may apply for an airline transport pilot certificate with an airplane category multiengine class rating if they meet the following aeronautical experience requirements.

 

(a) A person who meets the eligibility requirements of §61.153 and presents the evidentiary documents described in §61.73(h)(1), (2), and (3), may apply for an airline transport pilot certificate with a minimum of 750 hours of total time as a pilot that includes at least:

 

(1) 250 hours of cross-country flight time.

(2) 100 hours of night flight time.

(3) 50 hours of flight time in a multiengine airplane. An applicant may receive credit for not more than 10 hours in a simulator that represents a multiengine airplane.

(4) 75 hours of instrument flight time, in actual or simulated instrument conditions, subject to the following:

(i) Except as provided in paragraph (a)(4)(ii) of this section, an applicant may not receive credit for more than a total of 25 hours of simulated instrument time in a flight simulator or flight training device.

(ii) A maximum of 50 hours of training in a flight simulator or flight training device may be credited toward the instrument flight time requirements of paragraph (a)(4) of this section if the training was accomplished in a course conducted by a training center certificated under part 142 of this chapter.

(iii) Training in a flight simulator or flight training device must be accomplished in a flight simulator or flight training device representing an airplane.

(5) 250 hours of flight time in an airplane as a pilot in command, or as second in command performing the duties of pilot in command while under the supervision of a pilot in command, or any combination thereof, which includes at least–

(i) 100 hours of cross-country flight time; and

(ii) 25 hours of night flight time.

(6) Not more than 100 hours of the total aeronautical experience requirements of paragraph (a) of this section may be obtained in a flight simulator or flight training device that represents an airplane, provided the aeronautical experience was obtained in an approved course conducted by a training center certificated under part 142 of this chapter.

(b) A person who holds a Bachelor’s degree with an aviation major from an accredited 4‑year postsecondary institution, as defined in §61.1, and holds a commercial pilot certificate with an airplane category and instrument rating obtained from an affiliated part 141 pilot school may apply for an airline transport pilot certificate with a minimum of 1,000 hours of total time as a pilot that includes at least:

(1) 325 hours of cross-country flight time.

(2) 100 hours of night flight time.

(3) 50 hours of flight time in a multiengine airplane. An applicant may receive credit for not more than 10 hours in a simulator that represents a multiengine airplane.

(4) 75 hours of instrument flight time, in actual or simulated instrument conditions, subject to the following:

(i) Except as provided in paragraph (a)(4)(ii) of this section, an applicant may not receive credit for more than a total of 25 hours of simulated instrument time in a flight simulator or flight training device.

(ii) A maximum of 50 hours of training in a flight simulator or flight training device may be credited toward the instrument flight time requirements of paragraph (a)(4) of this section if the training was accomplished in a course conducted by a training center certificated under part 142 of this chapter.

(iii) Training in a flight simulator or flight training device must be accomplished in a flight simulator or flight training device, representing an airplane.

(5) 250 hours of flight time in an airplane as a pilot in command, or as second in command performing the duties of pilot in command while under the supervision of a pilot in command, or any combination thereof, which includes at least–

(i) 100 hours of cross-country flight time; and

(ii) 25 hours of night flight time.

(6) Not more than 100 hours of the total aeronautical experience requirements of paragraph

(a) of this section may be obtained in a flight simulator or flight training device that represents an airplane, provided the aeronautical experience was obtained in an approved course conducted by a training center certificated under part 142 of this chapter.

(c) A person who has performed at least 20 night takeoffs and landings to a full stop may substitute each additional night takeoff and landing to a full stop for 1 hour of night flight time to satisfy the requirements of paragraph (a)(2) of this section; however, not more than 25 hours of night flight time may be credited in this manner.

(d) An airline transport pilot certificate obtained under this section is subject to the pilot in command limitations set forth in §61.168.

 

 

14. Amend §61.165 as follows:

 

A. Revise paragraph (c)(2);

 

B. Re‑designate paragraphs (c)(3) through (c)(5) as paragraphs (c)(4) through (c)(6);

 

C. Add new paragraph (c)(3);

 

D. Remove the phrase “§61.159 of this part” in newly redesignated paragraph (c)(5) and add the phrase “§61.159 or §61.160” in its place;

 

E. Revise paragraph (e) introductory text and paragraph (e)(1);

 

F. Re‑designate paragraph (f) as paragraph (g);

 

G. Add new paragraph (f);

 

H. Remove the phrase “paragraphs (a) through (e)” from newly redesignated paragraph (g) introductory text and add the phrase “paragraphs (a) through (f)” in its place; and

 

I. Remove the phrase “paragraph (f)(1)” from newly redesignated paragraph (g)(3) and add the phrase “paragraph (g)(1)” in its place.

 

The revisions and additions read as follows:

 

§61.165 Additional aircraft class category and ratings.

 

* * * * *

 

(c) * * *

(2) After July 31, 2013, successfully complete the ATP certification training program specified in §61.154;

(3) Pass a knowledge test for an airplane category multiengine class rating or type rating on the aeronautical knowledge areas of §61.155(c);

 

* * * * *

 

(e) Additional class rating within the same aircraft category. Except as provided in paragraph (f) of this section, a person applying for an airline transport pilot certificate with an additional class rating who holds an airline transport certificate in the same aircraft category must—

(1) Meet the eligibility requirements of §61.153, except paragraph (g) of that section;

 

* * * * *

 

(f) Adding a multiengine class rating or type rating to an airline transport pilot certificate with a single engine class rating. A person applying to add a multiengine class rating or airplane type rating to an airline transport pilot certificate with an airplane category single engine class rating must—

(1) Meet the eligibility requirements of §61.153;

(2) Pass a required knowledge test on the aeronautical knowledge areas of §61.155(c), as applicable to multiengine airplanes;

(3) Comply with the requirements in §61.157(b), if applicable;

(4) Meet the applicable aeronautical experience requirements of §61.159; and

(5) Pass a practical test on the areas of operation of §61.157(e)(2).

 

* * * * *

 

15. Amend §61.167 by revising paragraph (b) introductory text to read as follows:

 

§61.167 Privileges.

 

* * * * *

 

(b) A person who holds an airline transport pilot certificate and has met the aeronautical experience requirements of §61.159 of this part may instruct—

 

* * * * *

 

16. Add §61.168 to read as follows:

 

§61.168 Limitations

 

(a) A person who holds an airline transport pilot certificate and has not satisfied the age requirement of §61.153(a)(1) and the aeronautical experience requirements of §61.159 may not act as pilot in command in operations under §91.1053(a)(2)(i) or §135.243(a)(1) of this chapter, or in any operation conducted under part 121 of this chapter.

(b) An airline transport pilot certificate issued to a pilot who has not satisfied the requirements of §61.159 must contain the following limitation, “Restricted in accordance with 14 CFR 61.168(a)” and “Holder does not meet the pilot in command aeronautical experience requirements of ICAO.”

(c) The pilot is entitled to an airline transport pilot certificate without the limitation specified in paragraph (b) of this section when the applicant presents satisfactory evidence of having met the aeronautical experience requirements of § 61.159 and the age requirement of §61.153(a)(1).

 

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New Pilot Brings World’s Fastest Electric Aircraft to OSH

Thursday, July 26th, 2012

Chip Yates will have his electric powered aircraft at AirVenture 2012.  Yates set a world speed record with this aircraft.  Click here for more info.

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Boeing 40C

Thursday, July 26th, 2012

The Boeing 40C was the first commercial airliner in the United States, and was a combination mail carrier and passenger plane.

Pemberton, who runs Pemberton and Sons, an aircraft restoration business based at Felts Field (SFF) in Spokane, says that 18,000 hours went into the restoration of this aircraft.

This particular Boeing 40C is the only one still flying out of the 81 that were built. Pemberton brought it back to life eighty years after it crashed into a mountain near Canyonville, Oregon, just  five weeks after it rolled out of the factory.

Joe Kittinger

Thursday, July 26th, 2012

It was the “highest step in the world”.  Joe Kittinger made history as he ascended to 102,800 feet in a high-altitude balloon and jumped to Earth, setting four world records.

Click here for more info.

Tags: record skydive, record sky dive, jumps from edge of space

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Felix Baumgartner Jumps From 96,640 Feet

Thursday, July 26th, 2012

Freefall @ 536 mph (862 kph). So picture yourself flying the same speed as a 737 jet, only without the aircraft body.  Click here for the full story.

Tags: record skydive, record sky dive, jumps from edge of space

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Air Force C-17 Lands At Wrong Airport

Monday, July 23rd, 2012

Click here for story and video

 

 

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Dutch Company To Put Four People on Mars by April 2023

Tuesday, July 17th, 2012

An independent space launch company aims to put four people on Mars by April 2023 – and the team will not be coming back.

Mars One claims that a new crew of four will join every two years as the explorers build their settlement, and that by 2033 there will be 20 people living on Mars.

Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2154336/New-Mars-One-mission-aims-establish-human-colony-Red-Planet-2023.html#ixzz20sppgJxR

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Frank Schmidt Dies in Airplane Crash

Tuesday, July 17th, 2012

Schmidt was an expert instructor with over forty years experience and over 18,000 flight hours.

For the full story click here.

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Volvo with 3 Million Miles

Thursday, July 12th, 2012

It just keeps going, and going, and going. No, it’s not a battery. It’s Irvin Gordon’s 1966 Volvo P1800S.

Gordon’s small, red two-door has well more than 2 million miles on the odometer, the equivalent of nearly 1,176 times across the globe.

The retired schoolteacher from Long Island hopes to reach the 3 million mile mark by next year. He only has 34,000 miles to go.

Click here for full story

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Today in Aviation History
September 21, 1947: An Air Force C-54 transport, The Big Push, equipped with robot flying equipment and an automatic pilot, flies from Clinton County AFB, Wilmington, OH to Brize Norton, England, and returns under automatic control - the first fully automatic transatlantic flight.