Archive for September, 2020

Flymall Wheels & Wings Newsletter September 2020

Wednesday, September 30th, 2020

Welcome to the Kraemer Aviation/ Wheels & Wings Newsletter

To view our current newsletter click here. You can view past newsletters here.

Harry & Pat hosted a friend’s (Jon F.) retirement party earlier this month. A good time was had by all that attended.

Here is Jon with his cake.  Click here for more pictures from Jon’s party. 

Harry & Jon have birthdays 10 days apart so Jon’s wife surprised them with a cake at the Laytonsville Cruise In

Interested in living at an airport?  Visit our Aviation Real Estate page here.

Want to have your business highlighted on the Flymall???  We offer inexpensive rates to have your business featured on our Wheels & Wings page.  Contact us for more info.

History Trivia: Did you know that Goodyear made an inflatable airplane?  It was called the Inflatoplane. It was to be used by the US military as a rescue plane to be dropped  behind enemy lines.  Only 12 were made.  It did prove to be an airworthy airplane.  

If you enjoy history we have a new aviation history fact each day at the bottom of our webpages.  Some days there may be more than one, just refresh the page.  And if you like Beatles history, checkout our Events Calendar and select the Beatles category.  This is a work in progress, we’re building the most comprehensive calendar of important dates in Beatle history.

For those that like to stick with current news, we have an aviation news ticker on our home page.  This is updated daily to show the current aviation news.

Achievements & Special Recognition This month we’re highlighting several high achievers and outstanding pilots.

Katie passed her Instrument Instructor checkride with Harry.

Katie scored a 100 on her Instrument Flight Instructor Knowledge Test.  Excellent job!

 Harry has another high achiever.  Sharon passed her initial flight instructor checkride earlier this month.  Sharon scored 100 percent on the FOI and the Flight Instructor Knowledge Test.  Great job Sharon.

Brian passed his Private Pilot checkride.  Brian is a very smooth pilot and has a good “feel” for the plane.  This probably comes from his years of riding motorcycles and boating.

Rachel passed her private pilot checkride earlier this month. She did it just a few months passed her 17th birthday. Now she can fly a plane anywhere in the world, however she cannot drive a car by herself. She is pictured here with her parents.  This is surely and accomplishment that deserves some special recognition.

Kathleen passed her initial flight instructor checkride earlier this month.  She already has a job lined up to flight instruct part time.

Melissa earned her commercial pilot certificate.  Melissa learned to fly in a Cessna 140 and it shows in her flying.  She is a great stick and ruder pilot.  She earned her instrument rating in Alaska, so she has a lot of experience.  She will hopefully get her CFI checkride in with Harry in early October.

Instructors, what to highlight your students first solo or other achievement here?  Just send us a short write-up and a picture or two and we’ll post it here for you.  Click here for our contact info.

Aviation/Aviators in the newsXwing has been operating a Cessna Caravan for a number of years.  What is newsworthy about this you ask?  Their aircraft do not have pilots.  They have actually operated passenger carrying flights with no pilot onboard. Click here for the full story

Ofir Daniel passed her instrument checkride today with Harry earlier this month. She did it in less than a month after her private pilot checkride. She did both under Part 141 which involves a lot of classroom time.  She did a great job keeping the needles centered the entire flight.
Ofir is pictured here with her instructor Lea.

The aviation section of the Flymall is full of aviation news, training info, and much more for the aviator.

Harry’s friend and flight school owner Brenda flew a turtle from Florida to Chicago in their new Tecnam multi-engine trainer aircraft . Pistachio (an endangered Kemp’s Ridley sea turtle) has been at the Florida Aquarium during her rehabilitation. She was hit by a boat and suffered severe injuries. She is not releasable.  Brenda & Bravo Flight Training flew the turtle to it’s new home in Chicago, at the Brookfield Zoo.

Air show season is always just around the corner.  Want to travel to air shows in your own aircraft?  Visit our used aircraft page on the Flymall to view our inventory.  We have a very nice Turbo Arrow III.  This aircraft will not stay on the market long, it is priced to sell.

Car/Motorcycle Show News:  How well do you know your cars?  Here is a little quiz from the “Contest” section of the Flymall.  This quiz is about car names.  Click here for the quiz

Our Events Calendar has the most current info regarding local and national car shows, air shows, and more.  With nearly 30 categories, there is something for everyone.  The Day Tripper section of the Flymall has dozens of day trip ideals and interesting places to visit.  Check it out here.

Barn Finds/Hangar Finds:  Need an appraisal on your barn find?  Visit our Appraisal Page for information on our appraisals. 

Here is a hangar find.  A Boeing Stearman that has been sitting for a while.  This will be for sale soon on the Flymall

Visit our online store to search for hard to find car parts, aircraft parts, and much more.  You can pay online in our secure store, just click on the Store button on our home page.

Visit the Test Drive section of the Flymall for reviews on automobiles, aircraft, motorcycles, and more. Read about it before you buy it.  You can also research price info on a wide variety of vehicles, collectibles, and more in the Market Watch section of the Flymall. 

If you’re restoring a fabric aircraft, Ira Walker of Walker Aviation is your resource.  Visit his page on the Flymall by clicking here

CFI / DPE Notes:

Visit Harry’s Practical Test page for information on his checkrides.  You will also find useful information there to help you prepare for your checkride.  You can also visit Harry’s Lesson Plan section of the Flymall for other flight training information.  Visit our Flight Training page for information on our aviation training classes.

Weather in the newsHere is an interesting storm from September 3, 2020.  Almost looks “hurricane like”. 

Three Wheel Association (TWA)Visit the Three Wheel Association page on the Flymall for more info on the association.

Want a reproduction vintage 3 wheeler.  Walker Aviation can scratch built from pictures or drawings.  Visit his page on the Flymall.  

Prototypes:  Here’s something that will make you take a second look.  A Ford Thunderstang, a cross between a Thunderbird and a Mustang.

Not really a prototype, however, still a rarity. Here is a 1956 MAZ-541,  a Soviet aircraft tug. Only 3 were built. Powered by a 38.8L D-12A V12 diesel that produced 500 Brake Horsepower.

Animals in the headlines:  An old friend of Harry’s (Matt Thurber), recently flew a sea turtle named Berni (an olive ridley sea turtle), from Boeing Field in Seattle to Sea World San Diego today.  Berni is an endangered species and was being flown to Sea World in San Diego for rehab and to be release back in to the wild.

Here is another reptile that was hitchin a ride.  This guy drove about 20 minutes to a cruise in and a few minutes after he parked, this little tree frog climbed out of his air intake.

We close this newsletter with these words: “Peace is not something you wish for; it’s something you make, something you do, something you are, and something you give away.” -John Lennon 


Piper Seminole Maneuvers

Wednesday, September 2nd, 2020

Taxiing Differences
1) Heavier airplane with more momentum. Needs to be taxied slow; cannot stop short.
2) Engines are not in the center. Use caution that propellers do not hit debris, taxiway lights, snowbanks or other obstructions on the left/right. Centerline!
3) Differential power can be used for tight turns. Left throttle to turn right, right throttle to turn left.
4) All turns, especially when vacating the runway must be taken SLOWLY. Side loads are especially bad for retractable landing gear. Sideloads combined with the weight of the engines on the wings can lead to loss of directional control.
5) Always verify clear left/right when pulling out and crossing intersections

1) Line up on centerline, hold brakes, apply power to 2000 RPM
2) Check engine gauges and heading indicator
3) Release brakes and apply full power
4) Call “airspeed alive” and rotate at 75 KIAS
5) Pitch for 88 KIAS
6) “Positive rate, Gear up”
7) At 500′ AGL verify flaps and gear are up, reduce power to “cruise climb” (25″, 2500 RPM)
8) Continue climb at 105 KIAS and complete climb checklist

Short-field takeoff (flaps 25)
1) Line up on centerline, hold brakes, apply power to 2000 RPM
2) Check engine gauges and heading indicator
3) Apply full power, release brakes
4) Call “airspeed alive” and rotate at 63 KIAS
5) Pitch for 67 KIAS
6) “Positive rate, gear up”
7) Upon clearing the obstacle (300′ AGL), accelerate to 75 KIAS (safe speed) and retract the flaps
8) Pitch for 88 KIAS
9) At 500′ AGL verify flaps and gear are up, reduce power to “cruise climb” (25″, 2500 RPM)
10) Continue climb at 105 KIAS and complete climb checklist

Short-field takeoff (flaps 0)
1) Line up on centerline, hold brakes, apply power to 2000 RPM
2) Check engine gauges and heading indicator
3) Apply full power, release brakes
4) Call “airspeed alive” and rotate at 70 KIAS
5) Pitch for 75 KIAS
6) “Positive rate, gear up”
7) Upon clearing the obstacle (300′ AGL), accelerate to 88 KIAS
8) At 500′ AGL verify flaps and gear are up, reduce power to “cruise climb” (25″, 2500 RPM)
9) Continue climb at 105 KIAS and complete climb checklist

Level-off from a climb
1) Slowly lower the pitch to level flight (begin doing this approximately 100′ before desired altitude)
2) Accelerate to cruise speed
3) Reduce manifold pressure FIRST (16″-24″), THEN reduce RPM (2200-2400). 22″ and 2300 RPM works well.
4) Trim
5) Cruise checklist

Transition from cruise to cruise climb
1) Raise pitch (5-10 degrees)
2) Increase RPM to 2500 FIRST, THEN manifold to 25″
3) Trim
4) Maintain 25″ manifold pressure (MP decreases 1 inch/1000 feet)
5) Consider cowl flaps and mixture

Transition from cruise to cruise descent
1) Reduce manifold pressure by 1 inch for each 1000 feet you plan to descend
2) Pitch down (approximately 5 degrees)
3) Trim
4) Consider cowl flaps and mixture

Level off from cruise descent to cruise
1) Raise pitch to level flight
2) Adjust manifold pressure
3) Trim
4) Cruise check
5) Consider cowl flaps and mixture

Acceleration in level flight
1) Increase/check RPM first, then increase manifold pressure
2) Apply forward pressure
3) Trim
4) Consider cowl flaps and mixture

Deceleration in level flight or descent
1) Reduce manifold pressure first, then reduce/increase RPM. Before landing, we reduce manifold pressure before bringing the propellers forward to high RPM to avoid RPM overspeed.
2) Adjust pitch
3) Trim
4) Consider cowl flaps and mixture

Slow Flight in the landing configuration (dirty)
1) Clearing turns
2) Cowl flaps, T, gauges/gauges, gear down, mixture
3) Manifold pressure-no less than 15″
4) Flaps-Extend below 111 KIAS (recommend full flaps before reaching 90 KIAS)
5) Props-full forward/high RPM below 100 KIAS
6) Adjust power to maintain airspeed and altitude
7) Trim for 75 KIAS (See ACS definition of slow flight)
8) Increase manifold pressure to 25″, then props back to 2500 RPM
9) Lower the pitch
10) Flaps, gear (below 107), flaps, flaps
11) Cruise checklist

Slow Flight in the takeoff configuration (clean)
1) Clearing turns
2) Cowl flaps, T, gauges/gauges, mixture
3) Manifold pressure-approximately 15″
4) Props-full forward/high RPM below 100 KIAS
5) Adjust power to maintain speed and altitude
6) Trim for 80 KIAS (See ACS definition of slow flight)
7) Increase manifold pressure to 25″, then props back to 2500 RPM
8) Lower the pitch
9) Cruise checklist

Power-off stall (landing configuration/dirty)

1) Steps 1-5 of slow flight dirty (maintain altitude)
2) Upon reaching 88 KIAS (blue line/final speed), enter a descent for 3-5 seconds
3) Power to idle
4) Smoothly pivot in place in an attempt to ‘stretch the glide’
5) Hold pitch approximately 10 degrees above the horizon (eyes outside)
6) Recover at the first indication of a stall (see ACS)
7) Reduce AoA by lowering the nose slightly below the horizon
8) Apply full power (minimizes the altitude loss)
9) Flaps 40  25
10) Gear up
11) Establish a climb pitch attitude when speed permits
12) Positive rate of climb, Flaps 25 10 then 10  0
13) Level off and cruise checklist at entry altitude

Power-on stall (takeoff configuration/clean)
1) Steps 1-5 of slow flight clean (maintain altitude)
2) Upon reaching 80 KIAS, simultaneously raise the pitch and apply 20″ of manifold pressure
3) Continue to smoothly and steadily increase the pitch
4) Recover at the first indication of a stall (see ACS)
5) Reduce AoA by lowering the nose all the way to the horizon
6) Apply full power (minimizes altitude loss)
7) Level off and cruise checklist at entry altitude

Accelerated stall
1) Steps 1-4 of slow flight clean (maintain altitude)
2) Nose up trim
3) Verify left is clear
4) Between 90-100 KIAS, idle both throttles and roll into a 45-degree bank to the left
5) Try to maintain altitude by increasing back pressure (use nose up trim)
6) Recover at the first indication of a stall (see ACS)
7) Release back pressure
8) Roll wings level using coordinated aileron and rudder
9) Apply full power when wings are level (must wait until wings level, reduces risk of a spin)
10) Level off and cruise checklist at entry altitude
11) Repeat steps 1-10 to the right

Steep turns
1) Clearing turns
2) Cowl flaps, T, gauges/gauges, mixture
3) Adjust power so that airplane is below maneuvering speed (20″, 2300 RPM)
4) Select a heading and/or landmark
5) Verify clear left
6) Smoothly roll into a 50-55-degree left turn using coordinated aileron and rudder; trim as needed
7) Smoothly roll out from the left turn into a 50-55-degree turn to the right (begin doing this approximately 25 degrees of heading before entry heading.)
8) At the completion of the 360-degree right turn, level off and complete the cruise checklist

Emergency descent
1) Clearing turns
2) Power idle, propellers full forward, mixture rich
3) Gear down below 140 KIAS
4) Cowl flaps closed, T
5) Pitch down for 130 KIAS
6) Make left/right clearing turns or spiral left
7) Level the wings and begin leveling off 200-300 feet before desired altitude
8) Hold altitude with pitch until speed drops below 107 KIAS
9) Retract landing gear below 107 KIAS
10) Immediately apply 25″ manifold pressure
11) Accelerate to cruise speed
12) Cruise checklist

VMC Demo
1) Steps 1-4 of slow flight clean (maintain altitude)
2) Left cowl flap closed; right cowl flap open
3) Declare a heading/visual reference to maintain
4) Before reaching 90 KIAS, bring the left throttle to idle and the right throttle to full
5) Slowly pitch up to decrease speed by 1 KIAS per second
6) Increase rudder and aileron to maintain heading
7) Recover upon losing directional control or at the first indication of a stall
8) Idle the throttle on the working engine. Remember to release rudder pressure as you do this.
9) Lower the nose below the horizon
10) SLOWLY bring the power back up on the right engine
11) Regain single engine straight and level flight
12) Resume normal flight with both engines
13) Level off and cruise checklist at entry altitude

Engine failure during the takeoff roll
1) Both throttles: Idle
2) Regain directional control: Parallel the centerline
3) Return to centerline
4) Apply braking
5) Notify the Tower or CTAF of aborted takeoff

Engine failure (left) below 1000 feet AGL
1) Maintain directional control and blue line
2) Mixtures full, props full, throttles full
3) Flaps up, gear up
4) Slap left leg and touch left throttle while announcing “left leg dead, left engine dead”
5) Verify left engine is dead by bringing the throttle back. If the airplane yaws, the left engine is not dead. You may have had a partial power failure, or you may have misidentified the dead engine.
6) Announce “left foot dead, left prop feather” and “left foot dead, left mixture idle-cutoff”
7) Close the cowl flap on the dead engine
8) Complete the feather checklist when time and altitude permit
9) Continue flying straight until reaching 1000′ AGL before attempting a turn back to the runway.
10) Declare an emergency with ATC and begin preparations for a single engine landing

Transitioning back to normal flight from simulated single engine flight (bottom to top)
1) Cowl flaps as required
2) Carb heat off
3) Propellers 2500 RPM
4) Slowly bring manifold pressure to 25″ while releasing rudder pressure
5) Accelerate to cruise speed
6) Throttles-desired manifold pressure for cruise
7) Props-desired RPM for cruise
8) Trim
9) Cruise checklist

Landing gear fails to extend
1) Recycle the gear selector handle (move it up, then back down)
2) Troubleshoot: Master switch on, Nav-lights switch off, indicator bulbs in, circuit breakers in
3) Leave the pattern: Find a safe and quiet area/altitude to continue troubleshooting. Notify ATC. Make sure to maintain situational awareness while troubleshooting (Eastern Airlines Flight 401)
4) Emergency Gear Extension: Reduce speed below 100 KIAS. Place gear selector in the down position. Pull the emergency gear extension knob. Leave this knob out…only maintenance can push it back in. Verify 3 green, no red.

One or more wheels not indicating down and locked
5) Yaw: If left gear does not lock in place, yaw left. If right gear does not lock, yaw right. If nose gear does not lock, use pitch. Ensure airspeed is at or below 100 KIAS.
6) Bulbs: Check that the green indicator bulbs are pushed all the way in. If one is unlit, swap it with a working one. If a green bulb is blown, the red light will most likely be unlit.
7) Test the gear horn: Bring throttles to idle and extend flaps past 25 degrees. If gear horn does not sound, landing gear is most likely down and locked.

Landing without positive confirmation of all 3 gear down and locked
8) Declare an emergency: Clearly explain your situation to ATC. Tell ATC what you need (long/wide runway, emergency services). Be prepared to provide information regarding fuel and souls onboard.
9) Make a low approach: Do a flyby of the tower or a low pass so that your gear can be inspected. ATC can tell you that your gear appears to be down, not if your gear is truly down and locked.
10) Notify ATC of your intensions to land: Let ATC know of your intentions to land (when you are ready). Inform them that you will be evacuating on the runway regardless of the outcome.
11) Land: Touch down smoothly on the positively locked main gear using a slip. If the nose gear is not locked, hold it off as long as possible. Avoid making turns (side loads) and avoid braking if able. Secure engines on landing rollout. Master switch off. Evacuate on the runway. Do not taxi. Do not try to ‘save’ the engines by shutting down on final as you may need to go around.

Engine failure troubleshoot flow
1) Fuel selector: On
2) Primer: Locked
3) Carburetor heat: On
4) Mixture: Set
5) Magnetos: On
6) Fuel pump: On

Engine feather/shutdown
Verbally identify left/right for each component on the checklist that could shut down the engine. This is to avoid inadvertently shutting down your only working engine.
“Left engine dead, left prop feather”
“Left engine dead, left mixture idle-cutoff”
“Left engine dead, left engine magnetos off” (turn off one at a time)
“Left engine dead, left fuel selector off”

T-Strobes, landing light, fuel pumps
Gauges/Gauges-Check left and right engine gauges

Today in Aviation History
January 15, 1950: General of the Air Force H.H. Arnold died of heart ailment.