Archive for October, 2019

Kraemer Aviation October 2019 Newsletter

Wednesday, October 23rd, 2019

Click here to view our October 2019 Wheels & Wings Newsletter. Click here to view past newsletters.

This month: Ira Walker’s EZ Rider, the Autobahn, Enzo Ferrari,, and more.

On October 20 2019 Pat, Jett, & Harry attended the Ensign Dean R. Van Kirk Aviation Heritage Museum Hall of Fame Ceremony and Open House.

Inducted into their Hall of Fame this year was:

Ensign Jesse Leroy Brown, Naval Aviator

Annabelle Fera, Designated Pilot Examiner

Elaine Danforth Harmon, WASP

Max Ulf Miller, Civilian Airmail Pilot no. 1

Harry had the privilege of accepting Annabelle Fera’s certificate inducting her into their Hall of Fame.

Here is Harry’s short speech accepting the award on behalf of Annabelle Fera:  “I met Annabelle in 1983 when I started flying.  I took 4 checkrides with her.  We became very close over the years.  She nominated me for the Instructor of the year award which I received thanks to her.  She inspired me to become a DPE like herself.  Becoming a DPE was a career goal that I set shortly after meeting her.  That career goal has become a reality 36 years later. I am happy to accept this certificate on her behalf”.

Click here for more pictures from the event.

In the early to mid 1960s, Harry’s father would take him the the Frederick Municipal Airport to watch the planes.  Little did Harry know, that Annabelle was most likely there giving checkrides.  And Harry would eventualy meet her about 20 years latter and be so inspired by her, that he would follow her career path to be just like her.  

Here is Harry at the Frederick Municipal Airport in the 1960s.

Earlier this month Pat & Harry attended the Laytonsville Volunteer Fire Department’s all you can eat shrimp & beef dinner.  Their events are always a lot of fun and very well attended.  Here is their restored 1930s Brockway fire truck.

History Trivia:  Sept 4 1891 autobahn designer is born.  For more information click here

While on the topic of the autobahn, here is a map of the 1908 New York to Paris race.   Click on the map for a larger view.

Achievements & Special Recognition:  Harry currently conducts about 5 to 6 checkrides per week.  You can follow him on Facebook to get updates on the success of his applicants.  Each and everyone deserves some recognition. 

Aviation/Aviators in the news:  This month we have some sad news regarding the Collins Foundation B-17 crash.  Harry was lucky enough to log some right seat time in this aircraft back in the mid 1990s.  He flew as copilot from KGAI to KCBE.

How many of our readers know of Robin Olds of the Vietnam War?  He is credited with developing a plan, an aerial trap for the Vietnamese.  It was a risky plan, however it worked.  And on one mission, Robin Olds and his squadron were able to shoot down about half of the Vietnamese MiG-21s with no US aircraft lost.

Visit the used aircraft section of the Flymall to view our inventory of used aircraft.

Car/Motorcycle Show News:  October 5, 1919 Enzo Ferrari enters his first race.

Visit our Events Calendar for local and national car/motorcycle show events.  Our “Day Tripper” section of the Flymall is also a great place to search for fun thing to do.

A little car show humor for this month:  Recently at a car show we saw a wooden car complete with wooden wheels and a wooden engine.  We asked the owner to start it for us however it wooden start!!!  However this reverse flow small block Chevy engine does start.

Barn Finds/Hangar Finds:  Here’s a Barn Find that you do not see too often as a “barn find”.  A 1988 Chevrolet Cavalier Z24.  Check it out here on

We have a garage find for sale.  A classic Jaguar!  This would be a great car to get started in the collector car hobby. 

Need an appraisal on your Barn Find?  Visit our appraisal page for information on our appraisals.  You can also research prices in our Market Watch section for the Flymall.  The “Test Drive” section of the Flymall is a great resource to read reviews on classic cars, aircraft, motorcycles, and more.

How about a Walmart find???


CFI / DPE Notes:  Need a checkride???  You can view Harry’s schedule on his Practical Test page.  He is usually booked 2 to 3 weeks in advance.  

Weather in the news:  In to the second week of October 2019 the Northeast sees the affect of a  Nor’easter.

Three Wheel Association (TWA):  About a year ago Harry was offered a chance to purchase  This would be a great addition to the Three Wheel Association and the museum.  While the purchase is still being discussed, Harry was able to acquire the following URLs:,,,, and  These all point to for now until a new site is developed.

This month we’re featuring Ira Walker of Walker Aviation.  Ira built Harry’s rare Briggs & Stratton Midget Mobile pictured here.

Plans to build this vehicle were published in a November 1936 magazine called Mechanics and Handicraft. Harry acquired a copy of the original plans and had Ira build this one. The other one that is known to exist is also a reproduction.

Ira, being the expert fabricator he is saw ways to improve on this 1930s design.  He and his son came up with this:  The EZ Rider 3 Wheel Electric Race Car.  While Harry’s has an authentic 1920s vintage Briggs & Stratton engine, Ira’s has a new electric engine.

Who would have thought back in the  1970s and early 1980s, that off road 3 wheelers would have been a good investment???  Kearney Powersports in Kearney Nebraska did.  They have one of the largest collections of the ATC type 3 wheelers.  

The off road 3 wheeler actually entered the market in 1967.  The first three-wheeled ATV was the Sperry-Rand Tricart. It was designed in 1967 as a graduate project of John Plessinger at the Cranbrook Academy of Arts near Detroit. The Tricart was straddle-ridden with a sit-in rather than sit-on style (similar to the contemporaneous Big Wheel toy). In 1968 Plessinger sold the Tricart patents and design rights to Sperry-Rand New Holland who manufactured them commercially. Numerous small American manufacturers of 3-wheelers followed. These small manufacturers were unable to compete when larger motorcycle companies like Honda. Honda entered the market in 1969.  

Krause Piccolo Trumpf 

Prototypes:  This month we have a Ford prototype that appears to have been Corvette inspired.  The 1965 Ford Bordinat Cobra.

While on the topic of Corvettes, here is a 1980 factory 4 door corvette.  This is said to be one of two left in existence.  Built by General Motors to test the market for such a car.  

1960s – General Motors took a novel approach to improving winter traction with the Liquid Tire Chain Traction Dispenser.

Animals in the headlines: This month we’re simply highlighting this picture of a mother Polar Bear going for a walk with her cub.

Enjoy this picture of Jett by a jet at the Ensign Dean R. Van Kirk Aviation Heritage Museum Hall of Fame Ceremony and Open House.

And here’s Jett making friends at the airport.

We close this newsletter with these words:  Follow the Sun. ☀️ Search out the sunshine in life, even on the cloudy days. There’s always good to be found.

And this: Most smiles are started by another smile.

Private Pilot Aeronautical Experience

Wednesday, October 16th, 2019

Airplane Single Engine Land Aeronautical Experience

40 hours of flight time including:

20 hours of flight training from an authorized instructor that includes:

3 hours of cross-country flight training in a single-engine airplane

3 hours of night flight training that includes – One cross-country flight of over 100 nautical miles total distance and 10 takeoffs and 10 landings to a full stop

3 hours of flight training in a single-engine airplane on the control and maneuvering of an airplane solely by reference to instruments

3 hours of practical test prep

10 hours of solo flight training including:

5 hours of solo cross-country time;

One solo cross country flight of 150 nautical miles total distance, with full-stop landings at three points, and one segment of the flight consisting of a straight-line distance of more than 50 nautical miles between the takeoff and landing locations; and

Three takeoffs and three landings to a full stop (with each landing involving a flight in the traffic pattern) at an airport with an operating control tower.

Applicant Endorsement

Wednesday, October 16th, 2019

I _______________________________________ was given a practical test for the

______________________________ certificate/rating

on _________________ per the ____________________________ ACS/PTS by DPE

Harry Kraemer.

The DPE did use a Plan of Action and no training or flight instruction took place during the practical test.  The DPE did give me a Pretest Briefing, Preflight Briefing, Flight Test Briefing, and a Post Flight Briefing.

The results of the test were as follows:

Circle one:

Satisfactory – Temporary Airman Certificate Issued

Unsatisfactory – Notice of Disapproval Issued

Letter of Discontinuance Issued

I agree with the determination of the FAA Designated Pilot Examiner


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Flight Test

Saturday, October 12th, 2019


DPE- Do not ask questions during preflight

1. Be sure to take plan of action with you to the aircraft

2. Conduct flight test according to the Practical Test Standards

3. No instruction

4. No second chance when maneuver is unsatisfactory
5. Continue testing if maneuver is incomplete or you need more information to make a decision

6. Unsatisfactory performance
• Exceeding aircraft limitations
• Examiner intervention
• Inappropriate emergency procedures
• Outcome of the maneuver being seriously in doubt
• Poor judgment
• Not within approved standards
• Failure to apply aeronautical knowledge
• Not being the master of the aircraft
• Consistently exceeding tolerances stated in the objective
• Failure to take prompt corrective action when tolerances are exceeded

7. Use realistic distractions during the flight

8. Did the applicant meet the objective of the task?
P Did the applicant complete the procedure described?
T Did the applicant perform the maneuver within the tolerances?
S Did the applicant meet all safety considerations?

If you can answer YES to each of these questions without reservation, the applicant has satisfactorily completed the task.

EMPHASIS AREAS: As a result of studies into the cause factors of incidents, accident, and violations, it is imperative that pilot examiners give special consideration and exercise their most conservative judgment in evaluating the applicant’s knowledge of the following area:

1. Preflight
• Aircraft manuals and documentation
• Pilot medical certificates
• Weather
• Airport area and surroundings

2. Preflight inspections
• Landing gear
• Engine(s)
• Adequacy of fuel supply
• ATC communications and airspace considerations

3. Clearances
• Instructions
• Operations to/from/within/near Class A, B, C, D, and E airspace

4. Proper use of the flight controls/brakes on the ground

5. Landing flare

6. Avoidance of objects in the air and on the ground
7. Maintenance of adequate flying speed

8. Operations to/from/on suitable terrain for T/O, Apch, & Ldg Configuration & Procedure

9. Observance of minimum safe altitudes – congested and noncongested areas

10. Use of stabilized approach/flight path procedures

11. Forced landings

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Post Flight Briefing

Saturday, October 12th, 2019


1. General
• Reaffirm outcome
• Allow applicant some time to self
• Prepare Temporary Airman Certificate/ Notice of Disapproval /Letter of Discontinuance
• Offer to sign applicant’s logbook
• Have applicant sign your endorsement page (2 copies)

2. Temporary Airman Certificate
• Establish a positive atmosphere
• Highlight above average performance
• Debrief using the Plan of Action
• Have applicant review and sign Temporary Airman Certificate
• Examiner signs and issues Temporary Airman Certificate
• Advise of duration – 120 days: A DPE is not authorized to reissue an expired temporary certificate. The applicant needs to contact the local FSDO.  You should contact me if you do not receive your hard copy certificate in about 1.5 months.
• Ensure applicant has proper documents
• Verify that you have the proper documents
• Brief flight instructor of applicant’s performance

3. Disapproval Notice
• Establish a positive atmosphere
• Highlight above average performance as well as deficient tasks
• Debrief using the Plan of Action
• Use PTS to explain reasons for disapproval
• Do not criticize the flight instructor
• Be alert for denial, anger, bargaining, or depression
• Issue Disapproval Notice
• Advise retest credit for satisfactorily completed items is 60 days
• Ensure applicant has proper documents
• Verify that you have the proper documents
• Brief flight instructor of applicant’s performance

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Preflight Briefing

Saturday, October 12th, 2019

Any questions so far?

1. Profile of flight test (DPE – do not ask questions during preflight). We will start off on the cross country that you planned. After a few check points, I will give you an event to deal with. We will do the takeoffs & landings. Depart for the air work. Hood work. Return to home base.

2. Pilot in Command (Per 14 CFR § 61.47) DPE is NOT the PIC on the test.

I am required to evaluate you on proper use of checklist.  Not using checklist can be grounds for a disapproval.

3. Emergencies – actual and simulated. By FAA orders, an actual emergency stops the test.
• Engine failure – takeoff and landing
• Other emergencies
• Feathering
• 500 ft hard deck for simulated engine failure

4. Transfer of controls (if applicable)

5. Collision avoidance (CFI applicant required to instruct)
• Looking for reported traffic
• Clearing the area before maneuvers
• DPE will let student know when he is looking inside the cockpit – applicant should be looking outside vice versa.

6. First preflight – weight and balance – VFR/IFR option

7. Advise that oral questioning will continue – Perfection is not the standard

8. Testing with Plan of Action will continue IAW PTS/ACS

9. Will continue taking notes

10. Continue/discontinue if task is unsatisfactory

11. Answer any questions
• Application
• Photo/signature ID. (Note type on FAA Form 8710-11 and return)
• Pilot Certificate (Verify against ID & FAA Form 8710-11 and return)

12. Advise applicant to return aircraft documents to the aircraft

13. Begin flight evaluation

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Pretest Briefing

Saturday, October 12th, 2019

PRETEST BRIEFING (Per 8900.1 Vol 5 Chapter 2)

Throughout the practical test, I am required to give you 4 briefings; Pretest Briefing, Preflight Briefing, Flight Test Briefing, and a Post Flight Briefing.  At the end of the practical test, I will ask that you sign a document stating that I did give you these briefings.

1. Put the applicant at ease (small talk, etc.)

Is flying a new career path or just a hobby?.
How did you get interested in flying?
What other hobbies or activities do you enjoy?

Are you familiar with the FAA Wings Program?  Visit and search for FAAWings (all one word).

2. Advise applicant of available comfort facilities

3. Pilot Bill of Rights (PBR). Due to the legal definition by the FAA attorneys the practical exam that a DPE conducts is considered an investigation because of the review of their application and their skills.

4. Confirm type of practical test or retest

5. Provide casual overview of the test. If you do not pass an AOO in the ground portion, you have the option to continue the ground but not the flight portion. If you do not pass an AOO in the flight, you can continue. I have the option to stop the test. You cannot record this test, either audio or video. If I find out you are recording, we stop the test.  Per March 2021 DPE class, we cannot do the test in a classroom that has video monitoring/recording.

6. Collect/Verify the required documents specified during the appointment
• FAA Form 8710-11, Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application
• Medical (note limitations)
• Knowledge test results (if appropriate)
• Logbook or training records (Verify that the applicant meets all requirements and appropriate endorsements)

Private Pilot Aeronautical Experience

Instrument Rating Requirements

Commercial Pilot Requirements

141 Requirements

• Aircraft documents (Verify location & scheduled availability)
Examiner: establish applicant eligibility, establish aircraft eligibility, validate applicant’s knowledge test.  Per March 2021 DPE class, it is acceptable for the applicant just to bring copies of the logbooks (not the actual logbook).  The DPE can just see a copy of the most recent annual inspection and 91.411 and 91.413 cert entries to determine if the aircraft is airworthy.  Per a March 2021 DPE class, the examiner is required to see a current AD list to verify that the plane is airworthy.  If you school or A&P does not agree with this requirement, here is a screen shot from the DPE recurrent class showing this requirement.

7. Verify that required equipment (hood, etc.) is available

8. Verify that applicant is aware of PTS/ACS requirements and tolerances

9. Advise the applicant that:
• FAA Practical Test IAW the PTS/ACS
• Will be using a Plan of Action (Used to organize the Practical Test)
• Will be taking notes for the debrief
• Perfection is not the standard >>>>> Failure items not limited to the following:  If I am required to takeover to save the plane.  Not doing a maneuver correctly, for example, doing a soft field takeoff with 0 flaps.  Descending excessively during a steep turn.  Constantly descending during a pylon eight.  Pushing the nose down or forward during a landing. 

From the Private Pilot ACS regarding failures:

Unsatisfactory Performance
Typical areas of unsatisfactory performance and grounds for disqualification include:
• Any action or lack of action by the applicant that requires corrective intervention by the evaluator to
maintain safe flight.
• Failure to use proper and effective visual scanning techniques to clear the area before and while
performing maneuvers.
• Consistently exceeding tolerances stated in the skill elements of the Task.
• Failure to take prompt corrective action when tolerances are exceeded.
• Failure to exercise risk management.

• Oral questioning will continue throughout the test
• Three possible outcomes are:
o Temporary Airman Certificate – Good for 120 days.
o Notice of Disapproval of Application – Good for 60 days.
o Letter of Discontinuance – Good for 60 days.
10. Any Questions?

11. Collect Fee ______________

12. Announce: “THE TEST HAS BEGUN – Take a break. Get a drink, use the restroom.

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