Flight Instructor Plan Of Action

Written on December 5, 2019 at 12:57 pm, by hkraemer

Areas of Operation:
I. Fundamentals of Instructing
Task A: Human Behavior and Effective Communication

Task B: The Learning Process

Task C: The Teaching Process

Task D: Assessment and Critique

Task E: Instructor Responsibilities and Professionalism

Task F: Techniques of Flight Instruction

Task G: Risk Management

II. Technical Subject Areas
Task A: Aeromedical Factors

Task B: Runway Incursion Avoidance

Task C: Visual Scanning and Collision Avoidance

Task D: Principles of Flight

Task E: Airplane Flight Controls

Task F: Airplane Weight and Balance

Task G: Navigation and Flight Planning

Task H: Night Operations

Task I: High Altitude Operations

Task J: 14 CFR and Publications

Task K: National Airspace System

Task L: Navigation Systems and Radar Services

Task M: Logbook Entries and Certificate Endorsements

III. Preflight Preparation
Task A: Certificates and Documents

Task B: Weather Information

Task C: Operation of Systems

Task D: Performance and Limitations

Task E: Airworthiness Requirements

IV. Preflight Lesson on a Maneuver to be Performed in Flight
Task A: Maneuver Lesson

V. Preflight Procedures
Task A: Preflight Inspection (ASEL and ASES)

Task B: Cockpit Management (ASEL and ASES)

45 Task C: Engine Starting (ASEL and ASES)

Task D: Taxiing—Landplane (ASEL)

Task G: Before Takeoff Check (ASEL and ASES)

VI. Airport and Seaplane Base Operations
Task A: Radio Communications and ATC Light Signals (ASEL and ASES)

Task B: Traffic Patterns (ASEL and ASES)

Task C: Airport/Seaplane Base, Runway and Taxiway Signs, Markings, and Lighting (ASEL and ASES)

VII. Takeoffs, Landings, and Go-Arounds
Task A: Normal and Crosswind Takeoff and Climb (ASEL and ASES)

Task B: Short-Field (Confined Area ASES) Takeoff and Maximum Performance Climb (ASEL and ASES)

Task C: Soft-Field Takeoff and Climb (ASEL)

Task F: Normal and Crosswind Approach and Landing (ASEL and ASES)

Task G: Slip to a Landing (ASEL and ASES)

Task H: Go-Around/Rejected Landing (ASEL and ASES)

Task I: Short-Field Approach and Landing (ASEL and ASES)

Task J: Soft-Field Approach and Landing (ASEL)

Task K: Power-Off 180° Accuracy Approach and Landing (ASEL)

VIII. Fundamentals of Flight
Task A: Straight-and-Level Flight (ASEL and ASES)

Task B: Level Turns (ASEL and ASES)

Task C: Straight Climbs and Climbing Turns (ASEL AND ASES)

Task D: Straight Descents and Descending Turns (ASEL and ASES)

IX. Performance Maneuvers
Task A: Steep Turns (ASEL and ASES)

Task B: Steep Spirals (ASEL and ASES)

Task C: Chandelles (ASEL and ASES)

Task D: Lazy Eights (ASEL and ASES)

X. Ground Reference Maneuvers
Task A: Rectangular Course (ASEL and ASES)

Task B: S-Turns across a Road (ASEL and ASES)

Task C: Turns Around a Point (ASEL and ASES)

Task D: Eights on Pylons (ASEL and ASES)

XI. Slow Flight, Stalls, and Spins
Task A: Maneuvering During Slow Flight (ASEL and ASES)

Task B: Power-On Stalls (Proficiency) (ASEL and ASES)

Task C: Power-Off Stalls (Proficiency) (ASEL and ASES)

Task D: Cross-controlled Stalls (Demonstration) (ASEL and ASES)

Task E: Elevator Trim Stalls (Demonstration) (ASEL and ASES)

Task F: Secondary Stalls (Demonstration) (ASEL and ASES)

Task G: Spins (ASEL)

Task H: Accelerated Maneuver Stalls (Demonstration) (ASEL and ASES)

XII. Basic Instrument Maneuvers
Task A: Straight-and-Level Flight (ASEL and ASES)

Task B: Constant Airspeed Climbs (ASEL and ASES)

Task C: Constant Airspeed Descents (ASEL and ASES)

Task D: Turns to Headings (ASEL and ASES)

Task E: Recovery from Unusual Flight Attitudes (ASEL and ASES)

XIII. Emergency Operations
Task A: Emergency Approach and Landing (Simulated) (ASEL and ASES)

Task B: Systems and Equipment Malfunctions (ASEL and ASES)

Task C: Emergency Equipment and Survival Gear (ASEL and ASES)

Task D: Emergency Descent (ASEL and ASES)

XIV. Postflight Procedures
Task A: Postflight Procedures (ASEL and ASES)


Written on December 5, 2019 at 10:13 am, by hkraemer

Kraemer Aviation Services, LLC

Aircraft type desired: ________________________

1. Buyer’s Agent Client is interested in the purchase of a __________ aircraft and desires to hire Kraemer Aviation Services, LLC (Harry Kraemer) as its exclusive “buyer’s agent” with regard to the purchase of said aircraft.

2. Services Rendered Kraemer Aviation Services, LLC (Harry Kraemer) shall use their experience and expertise to provide the client with the following assistance, guidance, and consultation. All pictures, specifications, comparisons, offers, agreements and other work will be available to client.

• For a onetime fee of $_____ USD Kraemer Aviation Services, LLC (Harry Kraemer) will complete an online appraisal/evaluation for an unlimited number of aircraft for a period of 90 days from the date this agreement is signed.
• This service includes advising client on an “offer” price and reviewing purchase agreements. Multiple resources will be used to determine an offer price.
• The online appraisal/evaluation will include a search of the NTSB database.

3. Commission Client agrees to pay Kraemer Aviation Services, LLC (Harry Kraemer) $________ USD for professional consultative services rendered. In addition any related travel expenses will be paid by the purchaser.

Private Pilot Aeronautical Experience

Written on December 1, 2019 at 9:49 am, by hkraemer

For an airplane single-engine rating. A person who applies for a private pilot certificate with an airplane category and single-engine class rating must log at least 40 hours of flight time that includes at least 20 hours of flight training from an authorized instructor and 10 hours of solo flight training.

The training (dual with a flight instructor) must include at least –

3 hours of cross-country flight training in a single-engine airplane;

3 hours of night flight training in a single-engine airplane that includes –

(i) One cross-country flight of over 100 nautical miles total distance; and

(ii) 10 takeoffs and 10 landings to a full stop (with each landing involving a flight in the traffic pattern) at an airport.

3 hours of flight training in a single-engine airplane on the control and maneuvering of an airplane solely by reference to instruments, including straight and level flight, constant airspeed climbs and descents, turns to a heading, recovery from unusual flight attitudes, radio communications, and the use of navigation systems/facilities and radar services appropriate to instrument flight;

3 hours of flight training with an authorized instructor in a single-engine airplane in preparation for the practical test, which must have been performed within the preceding 2 calendar months from the month of the test; and

10 hours of solo flight time in a single-engine airplane, consisting of at least

5 hours of solo cross-country time;

One solo cross country flight of 150 nautical miles total distance, with full-stop landings at three points, and one segment of the flight consisting of a straight-line distance of more than 50 nautical miles between the takeoff and landing locations; and

3 takeoffs and three landings to a full stop (with each landing involving a flight in the traffic pattern) at an airport with an operating control tower.

Flymall.org November 2019 Wheels & Wings Newsletter

Written on November 29, 2019 at 10:20 am, by hkraemer

You can view past newsletters here. View our November 2019 newsletter here.

This month: The Wright Brothers, the first Porsche, local pilot’s success, Chevy Citation mini-van, Garmin’s emergency autoland system, and more.

Ira Walker and Walker Aviation is offering a unique opportunity to become part of his growing business. Ira is a true craftsman! He specializes in wood & fabric aircraft. He has designed a unique 3 wheeler based on a 1930s design and he is offering sales positions and dealerships to sell his electric 3 wheeler. Ira’s company, Walker Aviation can be found on the Flymall, just click on the Walker Aviation icon on the left side of our home page.

Harry started buying and selling real estate back in the 1980s. And when his aviation business grew, he decided to specialize in aviation real estate so he teamed up with an old aviation friend Sara McNelis of Long and Foster to give his clients the best service and unique attention that their aviation real estate needed. Visit their real estate page on the Flymall for more information.

Just a reminder that you can have breakfast with Santa on Sunday December 8th from 8 am to 12 noon at the Laytonsville Volunteer Fire Department. You can view this event and others in our Events Calendar.

The Kraemer’s had a Thanksgiving dinner for a few of their friends from around the world.  Guest were from around the state as well as from around the world including; Madagascar, France, and Israel.  Click here for pictures.


Earlier this month Pat celebrated her birthday at Julliano’s.  Here she is pictured with our favorite waitress Kenia.


History Trivia: Peter Morgan of the Morgan automobile was born on November 3 1919.  Did you know his daily driver was a Ferrari. 

Peter Morgan was once asked why he drove a Ferrari for his private car. His reply was “A Morgan should always be your second car, and in any case, the Ferrari is the second best car on the world – after the Morgan, of course.”

124 years ago on Tuesday 5th November 1895…

Inventor George B. Selden received US Patent No. 549,160 for his “road engine” (gasoline-powered automobile), granting him the monopoly on the concept of combining an internal combustion engine with a carriage. Although he never became an auto manufacturer himself, every other automaker would have to pay Selden and his licensing company a significant percentage of their profits for the right to construct a motorcar, even though their automobiles rarely resembled Selden’s designs. In 1903, the Ford Motor Company, which refused to pay royalties to Selden’s licensing company, was sued for infringement on the patent. Thus began one of the most celebrated litigation cases in history, ending in 1909 when a New York court upheld the validity of Selden’s patent. Henry Ford appealed the decision, and in 1911, the New York Court of Appeals again ruled in favor of Selden’s patent, but with a twist: the patent was held to be restricted to the outdated construction it described. In 1911, every major automaker produced vehicles that were significantly different from that described in Selden’s patent, and major manufacturers like the Ford never paid Selden another penny.


Achievements & Special Recognition: If you can dream it, you can do it!!!

Hila Gilday earned her Private Pilot certificate earlier this month. The smile of success. Harry snapped this picture as he told her that she passed.  Hila is also an accomplished scuba diver earning an advanced certification to be able to dive with mixed gases.  Being a world traveler, she has piloted general aviation aircraft in different countries and she had been scuba diving all around the world.  Hila is also a talented artist. Congratulations Hila.

Here she is diving in Aruba.


Also in November Hi-Li Lev passed her Commercial Pilot checkride with Harry.  Hi-Li is quite the athlete.  She is an accomplished bicycle racer and she has completed 4 Iron Man competitions in one year.  Hi-Li celebrated each aviation milestone with the same wine, a bottle for each milestone.  Hi-Li is also a very talented musician, she sings and plays a variety of instruments.  Congratulations Hi-Li.   Check out her YouTube Channel here.

“There is freedom waiting for you, On the breezes of the sky, And you ask “What if I fall?” Oh but my darling, What if you fly?” –Erin Hanson

Also this month,  Harry started his 6th logbook.  10,000 plus hours and growing!

Aviation/Aviators in the news:  Check out this video of Garmin’s new emergency autoland system.


And it was in November 1903 that the Wright Brothers were just a month away from success.  They were most likely making plans to go to Kill Devil Hills. By late 1902 they were already making controlled turning flights in their gliders, so all they needed was the engine.


Take-off from a beach, is this legal you ask???  Here is a video showing a passenger airliner taking off from a beach.


 The plane is a Twin Otter and it is taking off from Barra Airport. This is a short-runway airport (or STOL airport) situated in the wide shallow bay of Traigh Mhòr at the north tip of the island of Barra in the Outer Hebrides, Scotland. The airport is unique, being the only one in the world where scheduled flights use a beach as the runway. The airport is operated by Highlands and Islands Airports Limited, which owns most of the regional airports in mainland Scotland and the outlying islands. Barra Airport opened in 1936


Car/Motorcycle Show News:  The Flymall has a classic Jaguar for sale.  Start the 2020 car show season off with your own vintage Jaguar.

Visit our Events Calendar to the latest in car show and air show events as well as many other events.  You can click on an event and set up an email reminder (our calendar will send you an email to remind you about an event).

Did you know that in 1900 there were more Electric cars on the road than Gasoline cars.? Electric and Electric Hybrid and Ethanol and even Hydrogen and CNG (compressed natural gas) cars were around in the late 1800’s!  The Rockefellers and their investment in the gasoline industry as well as the other big names in the gas and oil industry slowed the development of electric cars.  Not to mention the battery and DC motor tech of the day wasn’t the greatest.  Is it an engine or motor??? Click here to view Harry’s post of this very subject

And now for some automotive humor for this month.  Ford and Tesla both announced new models this month.  Here they are!


Barn Finds/Hangar Finds:  How would you like to find the very first Porsche in a barn.  Someone did.  See Harry’s Facebook post below.


Need an appraisal on your Barn Find?  Visit our Appraisal page for information on our appraisals. You can also visit the Test Drive section of the Flymall for reviews on automobiles, aircraft, boats, and more.  The Tech Tip section of the Flymall is a great resource for help with restoring your barn find.  Harry’s Market Watch is also a valuable tool for price data on a variety of vehicles including aircraft, automobiles, motorcycles, and more.

CFI / DPE Notes:  Need a checkride?  Harry can do this for you.  Visit Harry’s Practical Test page for information on our checkrides.

Visit Harry’s Lesson Plan section of the Flymall for useful lessons and other information to aid in preparing for your checkride.

Weather in the news:  This month we’re featuring the Halloween storm from October 2019.

As the front got closer, the storms became more intense.

During the passing of the squall line, the winds at KDMW got up to 41 knots.  Here is the METAR.  You can click on each picture for a larger view.

Early on the morning of November 1st, the winds at KJFK were up to 47 knots.  See the METAR below.

Without using Google, do any of our readers know what ROYGBIV stands for???  It has to do with weather and specifically rain.


Three Wheel Association (TWA):  1898 De Dion-Bouton Tricycle, built in France 1896-1901. Regarded as the 1st mass produced motorcycle, 15,000 units sold.

Click here for information on Ira Walker’s 3 wheel electric racer.

Prototypes:  1958 CHEVROLET CORVETTE ROADSTER (Barris Kustoms)

Barris had been building cars for private clients since his high school days. By the time Barris Kustoms was in full swing, they were getting commissions from television and film stars, musicians and Hollywood studios. In the mid-1960s, George was approached by Accessories International to build them a promotional vehicle that would be a show stopper used to highlight their parts. Accessories International supplied various bolt-on accessories such as wheel spinners, regulator covers and valve-cover dress up kits. Many Accessories International parts were sold with Barris Kustoms branding. For their promotional vehicle, they chose a 1958 Corvette that was purchased new by the company and handed it over to Barris to work his magic. George set to work heavily modifying the Corvette, using Bill Mitchell’s XP 700 as a source of inspiration.



Another Chevy for this month.  Remember the Chevy Citation?  Chevrolet brought back the Nomad name in 1979 on this X-Car based, mini-van concept. The Nomad II received very strong ratings in customer clinics, but was not approved for production. Another company (Chrysler) introduced a successful mini-van a few years later.  Chevrolet could have been first!

While on the topic of Chevrolet this month, click here to view a past post Harry did on the Camaro.


Animals in the headlines:  Want your furry friend featured here?  Send us an email with a picture and a short write-up about your pet.  Visit Jett’s page on the Flymall for some poems and other inspirational words regarding man’s best friend.


As the holidays are approaching, we close this newsletter with simply this


Instrument Rating Flight Profile

Written on November 15, 2019 at 10:27 am, by hkraemer

Preflight Procedures

ATC Clearance (actual or simulated)

Intercepting and tracking a VOR radial (to/from)

Comply with a departure or arrival procedure

Non-precision appch – at KDMW, KFDK, KTHV, KGAI, or KHGR

Approach with holding – at KDMW, KFDK, KTHV, KGAI, or KHGR

Partial panel appch – at KDMW, KFDK, KTHV, KGAI, or KHGR

Precision approach – at KDMW, KFDK, KTHV, KGAI, or KHGR

Missed approach – at KDMW, KFDK, KTHV, KGAI, or KHGR

Circling approach – at KDMW, KFDK, KTHV, KGAI, or KHGR

Landing from inst appch – at KDMW, KFDK, KTHV, KGAI, or KHGR

Emergency operations (loss of communications)

Unusual attitudes

Post flight procedures

Kraemer Aviation October 2019 Newsletter

Written on October 23, 2019 at 3:13 pm, by hkraemer

Click here to view our October 2019 Wheels & Wings Newsletter. Click here to view past newsletters.

This month: Ira Walker’s EZ Rider, the Autobahn, Enzo Ferrari, 3Wheelers.org, and more.

On October 20 2019 Pat, Jett, & Harry attended the Ensign Dean R. Van Kirk Aviation Heritage Museum Hall of Fame Ceremony and Open House.

Inducted into their Hall of Fame this year was:

Ensign Jesse Leroy Brown, Naval Aviator

Annabelle Fera, Designated Pilot Examiner

Elaine Danforth Harmon, WASP

Max Ulf Miller, Civilian Airmail Pilot no. 1

Harry had the privilege of accepting Annabelle Fera’s certificate inducting her into their Hall of Fame.

Here is Harry’s short speech accepting the award on behalf of Annabelle Fera:  “I met Annabelle in 1983 when I started flying.  I took 4 checkrides with her.  We became very close over the years.  She nominated me for the Instructor of the year award which I received thanks to her.  She inspired me to become a DPE like herself.  Becoming a DPE was a career goal that I set shortly after meeting her.  That career goal has become a reality 36 years later. I am happy to accept this certificate on her behalf”.

Click here for more pictures from the event.

In the early to mid 1960s, Harry’s father would take him the the Frederick Municipal Airport to watch the planes.  Little did Harry know, that Annabelle was most likely there giving checkrides.  And Harry would eventualy meet her about 20 years latter and be so inspired by her, that he would follow her career path to be just like her.  

Here is Harry at the Frederick Municipal Airport in the 1960s.

Earlier this month Pat & Harry attended the Laytonsville Volunteer Fire Department’s all you can eat shrimp & beef dinner.  Their events are always a lot of fun and very well attended.  Here is their restored 1930s Brockway fire truck.

History Trivia:  Sept 4 1891 autobahn designer is born.  For more information click here

While on the topic of the autobahn, here is a map of the 1908 New York to Paris race.   Click on the map for a larger view.

Achievements & Special Recognition:  Harry currently conducts about 5 to 6 checkrides per week.  You can follow him on Facebook to get updates on the success of his applicants.  Each and everyone deserves some recognition. 

Aviation/Aviators in the news:  This month we have some sad news regarding the Collins Foundation B-17 crash.  Harry was lucky enough to log some right seat time in this aircraft back in the mid 1990s.  He flew as copilot from KGAI to KCBE.

How many of our readers know of Robin Olds of the Vietnam War?  He is credited with developing a plan, an aerial trap for the Vietnamese.  It was a risky plan, however it worked.  And on one mission, Robin Olds and his squadron were able to shoot down about half of the Vietnamese MiG-21s with no US aircraft lost.

Visit the used aircraft section of the Flymall to view our inventory of used aircraft.

Car/Motorcycle Show News:  October 5, 1919 Enzo Ferrari enters his first race.

Visit our Events Calendar for local and national car/motorcycle show events.  Our “Day Tripper” section of the Flymall is also a great place to search for fun thing to do.

A little car show humor for this month:  Recently at a car show we saw a wooden car complete with wooden wheels and a wooden engine.  We asked the owner to start it for us however it wooden start!!!  However this reverse flow small block Chevy engine does start.

Barn Finds/Hangar Finds:  Here’s a Barn Find that you do not see too often as a “barn find”.  A 1988 Chevrolet Cavalier Z24.  Check it out here on BarnFinds.com

We have a garage find for sale.  A classic Jaguar!  This would be a great car to get started in the collector car hobby. 

Need an appraisal on your Barn Find?  Visit our appraisal page for information on our appraisals.  You can also research prices in our Market Watch section for the Flymall.  The “Test Drive” section of the Flymall is a great resource to read reviews on classic cars, aircraft, motorcycles, and more.

How about a Walmart find???


CFI / DPE Notes:  Need a checkride???  You can view Harry’s schedule on his Practical Test page.  He is usually booked 2 to 3 weeks in advance.  

Weather in the news:  In to the second week of October 2019 the Northeast sees the affect of a  Nor’easter.

Three Wheel Association (TWA):  About a year ago Harry was offered a chance to purchase 3wheelers.com.  This would be a great addition to the Three Wheel Association and the museum.  While the purchase is still being discussed, Harry was able to acquire the following URLs: 3wheelers.org, 3wheelers.net, 3wheelers.info, 3wheelers.co, and 3wheelers.us.  These all point to Flymall.org for now until a new site is developed.

This month we’re featuring Ira Walker of Walker Aviation.  Ira built Harry’s rare Briggs & Stratton Midget Mobile pictured here.

Plans to build this vehicle were published in a November 1936 magazine called Mechanics and Handicraft. Harry acquired a copy of the original plans and had Ira build this one. The other one that is known to exist is also a reproduction.

Ira, being the expert fabricator he is saw ways to improve on this 1930s design.  He and his son came up with this:  The EZ Rider 3 Wheel Electric Race Car.  While Harry’s has an authentic 1920s vintage Briggs & Stratton engine, Ira’s has a new electric engine.

Who would have thought back in the  1970s and early 1980s, that off road 3 wheelers would have been a good investment???  Kearney Powersports in Kearney Nebraska did.  They have one of the largest collections of the ATC type 3 wheelers.  

The off road 3 wheeler actually entered the market in 1967.  The first three-wheeled ATV was the Sperry-Rand Tricart. It was designed in 1967 as a graduate project of John Plessinger at the Cranbrook Academy of Arts near Detroit. The Tricart was straddle-ridden with a sit-in rather than sit-on style (similar to the contemporaneous Big Wheel toy). In 1968 Plessinger sold the Tricart patents and design rights to Sperry-Rand New Holland who manufactured them commercially. Numerous small American manufacturers of 3-wheelers followed. These small manufacturers were unable to compete when larger motorcycle companies like Honda. Honda entered the market in 1969.  

Krause Piccolo Trumpf 

Prototypes:  This month we have a Ford prototype that appears to have been Corvette inspired.  The 1965 Ford Bordinat Cobra.

While on the topic of Corvettes, here is a 1980 factory 4 door corvette.  This is said to be one of two left in existence.  Built by General Motors to test the market for such a car.  

1960s – General Motors took a novel approach to improving winter traction with the Liquid Tire Chain Traction Dispenser.

Animals in the headlines: This month we’re simply highlighting this picture of a mother Polar Bear going for a walk with her cub.

Enjoy this picture of Jett by a jet at the Ensign Dean R. Van Kirk Aviation Heritage Museum Hall of Fame Ceremony and Open House.

And here’s Jett making friends at the airport.

We close this newsletter with these words:  Follow the Sun. ☀️ Search out the sunshine in life, even on the cloudy days. There’s always good to be found.

And this: Most smiles are started by another smile.

Private Pilot Aeronautical Experience

Written on October 16, 2019 at 1:54 pm, by hkraemer

Airplane Single Engine Land Aeronautical Experience

40 hours of flight time including:

20 hours of flight training from an authorized instructor that includes:

3 hours of cross-country flight training in a single-engine airplane

3 hours of night flight training that includes – One cross-country flight of over 100 nautical miles total distance and 10 takeoffs and 10 landings to a full stop

3 hours of flight training in a single-engine airplane on the control and maneuvering of an airplane solely by reference to instruments

3 hours of practical test prep

10 hours of solo flight training including:

5 hours of solo cross-country time;

One solo cross country flight of 150 nautical miles total distance, with full-stop landings at three points, and one segment of the flight consisting of a straight-line distance of more than 50 nautical miles between the takeoff and landing locations; and

Three takeoffs and three landings to a full stop (with each landing involving a flight in the traffic pattern) at an airport with an operating control tower.

Applicant Endorsement

Written on October 16, 2019 at 8:56 am, by hkraemer

I _______________________________________ was given a practical test for the

______________________________ certificate/rating

on _________________ per the ____________________________ ACS/PTS by DPE

Harry Kraemer.  The results of the test were as follows:

Circle one:

Satisfactory – Temporary Airman Certificate Issued

Unsatisfactory – Notice of Disapproval Issued

Letter of Discontinuance Issued


Flight Test

Written on October 12, 2019 at 6:17 pm, by hkraemer


DPE- Do not ask questions during preflight

1. Be sure to take plan of action with you to the aircraft

2. Conduct flight test according to the Practical Test Standards

3. No instruction

4. No second chance when maneuver is unsatisfactory
5. Continue testing if maneuver is incomplete or you need more information to make a decision

6. Unsatisfactory performance
• Exceeding aircraft limitations
• Examiner intervention
• Inappropriate emergency procedures
• Outcome of the maneuver being seriously in doubt
• Poor judgment
• Not within approved standards
• Failure to apply aeronautical knowledge
• Not being the master of the aircraft
• Consistently exceeding tolerances stated in the objective
• Failure to take prompt corrective action when tolerances are exceeded

7. Use realistic distractions during the flight

8. Did the applicant meet the objective of the task?
P Did the applicant complete the procedure described?
T Did the applicant perform the maneuver within the tolerances?
S Did the applicant meet all safety considerations?

If you can answer YES to each of these questions without reservation, the applicant has satisfactorily completed the task.

EMPHASIS AREAS: As a result of studies into the cause factors of incidents, accident, and violations, it is imperative that pilot examiners give special consideration and exercise their most conservative judgment in evaluating the applicant’s knowledge of the following area:

1. Preflight
• Aircraft manuals and documentation
• Pilot medical certificates
• Weather
• Airport area and surroundings

2. Preflight inspections
• Landing gear
• Engine(s)
• Adequacy of fuel supply
• ATC communications and airspace considerations

3. Clearances
• Instructions
• Operations to/from/within/near Class A, B, C, D, and E airspace

4. Proper use of the flight controls/brakes on the ground

5. Landing flare

6. Avoidance of objects in the air and on the ground
7. Maintenance of adequate flying speed

8. Operations to/from/on suitable terrain for T/O, Apch, & Ldg Configuration & Procedure

9. Observance of minimum safe altitudes – congested and noncongested areas

10. Use of stabilized approach/flight path procedures

11. Forced landings

Post Flight Briefing

Written on October 12, 2019 at 6:16 pm, by hkraemer


1. General
• Reaffirm outcome
• Allow applicant some time to self
• Prepare Temporary Airman Certificate/ Notice of Disapproval /Letter of Discontinuance
• Offer to sign applicant’s logbook
• Have applicant sign your endorsement page (2 copies)

2. Temporary Airman Certificate
• Establish a positive atmosphere
• Highlight above average performance
• Debrief using the Plan of Action
• Have applicant review and sign Temporary Airman Certificate
• Examiner signs and issues Temporary Airman Certificate
• Advise of duration – 120 days: A DPE is not authorized to reissue an expired temporary certificate. The applicant needs to contact the local FSDO.
• Ensure applicant has proper documents
• Verify that you have the proper documents
• Brief flight instructor of applicant’s performance

3. Disapproval Notice
• Establish a positive atmosphere
• Highlight above average performance as well as deficient tasks
• Debrief using the Plan of Action
• Use PTS to explain reasons for disapproval
• Do not criticize the flight instructor
• Be alert for denial, anger, bargaining, or depression
• Issue Disapproval Notice
• Advise retest credit for satisfactorily completed items is 60 days
• Ensure applicant has proper documents
• Verify that you have the proper documents
• Brief flight instructor of applicant’s performance

Today in Aviation History
December 11, 1914: Radio messages were received by an Army airplane at a distance of 10 miles.